unit 3: Westward Expansion! (*Mexican-American War- 1846-1848. (~Mexican…
unit 3: Westward Expansion!
*The Natives Fight back!
*The plains wars: - sand creek Massacre. - red River War. - battle of little big horn. - wounded knee.
*Red River War~ 1868, southern plains, kiowa comanche, U.S. wins .
*Sand Creek Massacre~1862, Colorado's sand creek reserve,cheyenne,150 women and children were killed, Indians lost.
*Custer's last stand~ 1876, the little big horn river, sioux cheyenne, Indians win.
*Wounded knee~1890, south dakota wounded knee creek, seventhcavalry, 350 people, last of phins wars.
*Manifest Destiny:-Three themes: ~values of American people. ~Westward expansion through Agrarian America. ~It was America's Destiny.
*Indian removal Act 1830:
~ passed by president Andrew Jackson.-Hero of war of 1812 who fought with Indians.
~series of treaties that moved the Native Americans further west.
~Tribes who did not leave, were forced to leave by the U.S Army.
*Indian Removal Act 1830: - consequences. 1. forever divides Native Americans's and U.S. 2. Leads to war. 3. Directly leads to the Trail of Tears.
*Annexation of Texas:
Annex: Incorporate a territory in an existing political country.
~Texas declared Independence from Mexico in 1836.
~Texas and the U.S agreed to make Texas the 28th state in 1845.
~keeping slavery legal was a must.
TEXT BOOK QUESTIONS:
What made American's want to settle in Texas? They wanted more land and not expensive.
What factors led to Texas Annexation? -Texas revolution. -America wanted land.
*Mexican-American War- 1846-1848.
~Mexican president Santa Anna tells president Polk he will end the war peacefully.
-Santa Anna instead attacks the American Army.
~Angry about the Annexation of Texas Mexico would attack American troops along the Rio Grande.
-Santa Anna loses badly and the American Army continues South,taking Mexico city in 1847.
TREATY OF GUADALUPE-HIDALGO 1848:
-Officially ends the Mexican-American war.
-Mexico gives New Mexico and California also Arizona to America.
Gadsden Purchase 1853:
-United States wants this land for Railroads.
-United States pays Mexico $10 million for all territory along the Gila River.
*How many slaves?
~ 12.5 million slaves were brought to the America's. ~10.5 million survived the trip also known as" The Middle Passage." ~ Only 400,000 thousand were sent to the American Colonies.
Europe Exports:Clothes,rum, and manufactured goods from Europe (goods made from: sugar,cotton, tabacco).
-Triangle Trades: system of trading that brought slaves to the American Colonies in exchange for goods.
SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATE!
~New Technology changed America.
~Early America was an Agrarian society.