Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Unit 3: Westward Expansion
a name applied to the Kansas Territory the years before the Civil War, when the territory was a battleground between slavery.
law enacted in 1854 that established the territories of Kansas & Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery
a series of agreements passed by Congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states.
Fugitive Slave Act-
a law enacted as part of the Compromise of 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would be returned into Bondage.
the 19th century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the U.S. throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-
officially entitled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic. 1848
incorporate a territory into an existing political country
Indian Removal Act-
a law enacted in 1830, that forced Native American peoples east of the Mississippi to move to lands in the West.
Brought to America by the British in their 16th century.
It remained an American Institution after the Revolutionary War.
Triangle Trade: a system of trading that brought slaves to the American Colonies in exchange for goods.
sugar, tobacco, cotton (harvested by slaves)
clothes, rum &manufactured goods from Europe (goods made from: sugar, cotton, tobacco
How many slaves?
10.5 million the trip also known as 'The Middle Passage.'
Only 400,000 were sent to the American Colonies.
12.5 million slaves were brought to the America's.
Agreement passed by Congress that keep the balance of slave states and free states.
Draws a line through Louisiana Territory.
No slavery North 36-30 Latitude.
Who should decide?
North believed that the Federal Government should decide.
Popular Sovereignty: idea that the states should determine legality of slavery.
South believed in Popular Sovereignty (states rights).
Who protects the workers?
Made 27 cents and hour.
Mostly children aged 13-16.
Provided better working conditions.
Multiple exits, sprinklers, etc.
Provided better pay.
Congress passed the 8 hour work day in 1868.
Annexation of Texas
Texas and the U.S. agreed to make Texas the 28th state in 1845.
Keeping slavery legal was a must.
Texas declared Independence from Mexico in 1836.
Mexican-American War 1846-1848
Angry about annexation of Texas, Mexico would attack American troops along the Rio Grande.
Santa Anna instead attacks the American Army.
Mexican president Santa Anna tells president Polk he will end the war peacefully.
Santa Anna loses and the American Army continues South, taking Mexico City in 1847.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexico gives New Mexico and California to America
America agrees to pay $15 million for the land.
Officially ends Mexican-American War.
Gadsden Purchase 1853
U.S. pays Mexico $10 million for all territory along the Gila Ridge
United States wants this land for Railroads.
It was America's destiny.
Westward expansion through American.
Spread American Values
Indian Removal Act Of 1830
Series of treaties that moved the Native Americans further West
Tribes who did not leave, were forced to leave by the U.S. Army.
Passed by president Andrew Jackson.
Forever divides Native Americans and United States.
Leads to war.
Directly leads to the Trail of Tears
The Plains Wars
Red River War
Battle of Little Big Horn
Sand Creek Massacre