Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Slavery was not made by the United states, Europe started it. Slavery remained in the USA after the Revolutionary War.
: a system of trading that brought slaves to the American colonies in exchange for goods.
Sugar, Tobacco, Cotton
Clothes, Rum, Manufactured Goods
Early Years of America was an Agrarian Society.
Dependent on slaves
Agreements passed by Congress that keeps the balance of slave states and free states
line through Louisiana Territory
: Idea that the States should determine legality of slavery
South believed states rights and North believed Federal government should decide.
How many slaves?
12.5 Million slaves were brought to the America's
10.5 Million survived the trip also known as the "
meaning 2 million slaves died on the trip, bodies were thrown overboard
Only 400,000 were sent to the American Colonies.
Annexation of Texas
Annex: Incorporate a territory into an existing political country
Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836
Texas ans US agreed to make Texas the 28th state in 1845
Keeping slavery legal was a must
Angry about the annexation of Texas, Mexico would attack American troops along the Rio Grande (1846-1848)
Mexican President Santa Anna Tells President Polk he will end the war peacefully.
Santa Anna instead attacks the American Army.
Santa Anna loses badly and American Army continues South, taking over Mexico City in 1847
Treaty of Hidalgo Guadalupe
Officially ends the war, gave up California, Arizona and New Mexico to USA
wants this land for Railroads
only pays $10 mil for this land
Why did whites move west?
Manifest Destiny is during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast.
Spread America's Value
Indian removal act
Act signed into law by Andrew Jackson
Forced Native Americans to move West, Tribes who didn't were forced by the US Army.
Natives Fight back!!!
Sand Creek Massacre, Red River War, Battle of little Big Horn, Wounded Knee
Whites did believe in land ownership and Natives did not.
ASSIMILATION : adapting to another's culture
Dawes act:Law allowing the sale of reservation land individual indians
Attempt to ‘Americanize Native Americans’
Majority of land is sold to white settlers
Divides Natives and Americans
Leads to war
leads to trail of tears
19th century belief that the USA would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican territory
a series of agreements passed by congress in the 1820-1821 to maintain a balance of power between slave states and free states
Indian removal act 1830
Forced Native Americans East of
Mississippi to move to lands in the West
Name applied to Kansas territory, years before the Civil War when territory was a battleground between pro-slavery and antislavery forces.
Kansas Nebraska Act 1854
Law that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decode whether to allow slavery.
Fugitive Slave Act
law part of compromise in 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would be returned to bondage.
a system in which residents vote to decide an issue.
1848 treaty ending U.S war with Mexico, in which Mexico ceded California and New Mexico to USA.
Treaty of Guadalupe