Unit 3: Western Expansion (Native Americans (Plains Wars (Wounded Knee …
Unit 3: Western Expansion
europe- exports clothes,rum,and manufactured goods to Africa.
America- exports sugar,tobacco,cotton to Europe
Africa- exports slaves to America
Annexation of Texas 1845
Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836
Texas became 28th state of United States in 1845
Large parcels of cheap for business
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848
Mexico gives New Mexico and California to America America pays $15 million for the land Mexico agrees to the Rio- Grande as border with Texas
Ends the Mexican- American war
James K. Polk
Lopez De Santa Anna
Gadsden Purchase 1853
United States pays Mexico $1o millions for all territory along the Gila River
United States wants the land for railroads
Annexation of Texas
Annex incorporate a territory into an existing political country
To express their belief that the united states it was to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexico territory.
Indian Removal Act
Move the Native Americans from their land to areas farther west
When a territory population reached about 60,000 people of the territory could petition The Union for Admission, draft a start to become part of the United States
The bloody shirt that pro slavery Kansas settled waved in consummating attacks on the soldiers
Kansas Nebraska- Act
Divide the area into two territories Nebraska in the north and Kansas in the south
The battle between U.S. military troops and Lakota Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota on December 29, 1890, resulted in the deaths of perhaps 300 Sioux men, women, and children. The massacre at Wounded Knee was the last major battle of the Indian Wars of the late 19th century.
Battle of Little Big Horn
The battle of Little Bighorn occurred in 1876 and is commonly referred to as “Custer's Last Stand”. The battle took place between the U.S. Cavalry and northern tribe Indians, including the Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho.
Red River War
During the summer of 1874, the U. S. Army launched a campaign to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indian tribes from the Southern Plains and enforce their relocation to reservations in Indian Territory
Sand Creek Massacre
On November 29, 1864, seven hundred members of the Colorado Territory militia embarked on an attack of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian villages.
Trail of Tears