Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
: a law, enacted in 1854, that established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and gave their residents the right to decide whether to allow slavery.
Fugitive Slave Act
: a law enacted as part of the compromise of 1850, designed to ensure that escaped slaves would be returned into bondage.
: a name appalled to the Kansas Territory in the years before the Civil War, when the territory was a battleground between pro slavery and antislavery forces.
Indian Removal Act 1830
: a law, enacted in 1830, that forced Native American people east of the Mississippi to move to lands in the west.
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
: the 1848 treaty ending the US war with Mexico, in which Mexico ceded California and New Mexico to the United States.
: a series of agreements passed by congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states.
: incorporate a territory into an existing political country.
: the 19th-century belief that the United States would inevitably expand westward to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican territory.
: a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue.
Lead to War
Directly lead to Trail of Tears
Forever divides Native American's and United States
Indian Removal Act of 1830
Westward Expansion through Agrarian America (Agriculture)
It was America's destiny
Spread American Values
Trail of Tears
Slavery in the United States
New Technology Changed America
Railroads, steel-mills, machines, oil, etc.
Mostly developed in the North
Early America was an Agrarian Society
Dependent on Slavery
Dependent on Agriculture
North VS. South
Steel, infrastructure, and railroads
Southern States remained agrarian and dependent on slaves
Northern States are growing rapidly
Cotton, tobacco, wheat
Little to no industry
Missouri Compromise: 1820
Agreements passed by Congress that keeps the balance of slave states and free states
Draws a line through Louisiana Territory
No slavery North of 36-30 Latitude
Missouri added as a slavery states
Maine added as a free state
Who should decide?
Popular Sovereignty: Idea that the states should determine legality of slavery
South believed in Popular Sovereignty (states rights)
North believed that the federal government should decide
How many slaves?
12.5 million slaves were brought to the America's
10.5 million survived the trip also known as 'The Middle Passage'
Only 400,000 thousand were sent to the American Colonies
Brought to America by the British in the 16th Century.
It remained an American Institution after the Revolutionary War.
: system of trading that brought slaves to the American colonies in exchange for goods.
Provided better working conditions
Provided better pay
Congress passed the 8 hour work day in 1868
Who protects the workers?
Mostly Children Aged 13-16
Made 27 cents an hour
In 1899 woman made an average of $267 a year
Average man made $500
CEO of US steel
Made $24 million in 1899 with no income tax
President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
President James K. Polk
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo 1848
Santa Anna loses badly and the American army continues south, taking Mexico city in 1847.
Santa Anna instead attacks the American army.