Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Unit 3: Westward Expansion
Values of American people
Westward expansion through Agrarian America
It was America’s destiny
Belief that the United States would stretch from Atlantic ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Manifest Destiny (image)
Trail of Tears(image)
Andrew Jackson (image)
Hero of War of 1812 who fought WITH Indians
Indian Removal Act 1830
Passed by president Andrew Jackson
Series of Treaties that moved the Native Americans further West
Tribes who did not leave, were forced to leave by the US Army
Little Big Horn
Gen. George Custer
Civil War Hero
Most Famous for the battle of Big Horn
Led 700 men against 5,000 Lakota
All 700 men, including him and his two younger brothers were killed in this battle
Incorporate a Territory into an existing political country
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, officially entitled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, is the peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo.
The 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
Indian Removal Act
The Indian Removal Act was signed by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. The law authorized the president to negotiate with southern Indian tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their lands.
A settlement of a dispute between slave and free states, contained in several laws passed during 1820 and 1821. Northern legislators had tried to prohibit slavery in Missouri, which was then applying for statehood.
Brought to America by the British in the 16th century.
It remained an America institution after the Revolutionary war.
System of trading that brought slaves to the American colonies in exchange for goods;.
Africa Exports Slaves
America Exports: Sugar, tobacco, cotton. (harvested by the slaves)
Europe Exports: Clothes, Rum and Manufactured goods from Europe (goods made from: sugar, Cotton, tobacco).
How Many Slaves?
12.5 Million Slaves Were brought to the America's
10.5 Million survived the trip also known as "The Middle Passage"
Only 400,000 thousands were sent to the American Colonies.
Slavery in the United States
Early America was an Agrarian Society
Dependent on Agriculture
Dependent on Slaves
New technology changed America
Railroads, steel mills, Machines, oil, etc.
Mostly developed in the North
North vs South
Northern states are growing Rapidly
Steel, Guns, Railroads
Southern States remained agrarian and dependent on slaves.
Cotton, tobacco, wheat.
Little to no industry
Westward Expansion: statehood
Popular sovereignty: Gave states the right to determine Legality of slavery
Missouri added as a slave state.
Maine added as a free state.
Angry about the annexation of Texas, Mexico would attack American troops along the Rio Grande.
-American Troops were sent there by president Polk
_-Mexican president, Santa Anna tells president Polk he will end the war peacefully
-Santa Anna instead attacks the American Army.
Santa Anna loses badly and the American Army continues south, taking Mexico city in 1847.
President James K. Polk
President Santa Anna
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo 1848.
Officially ends the Mexican-American War.
Mexico gives New Mexico and California to America
America agrees to pay $15 million of the land.
Mexico agrees to the Rio-Grande as border with Texas
Gadsden Purchase 1853
United states offers to pay Mexico $10 million for all territory along the Gila River
United States want this land for Rail Roads.
Annexation of Texas
Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836
Texas and the United States agreed to make Texas the 28th state in the year 1845
Texas wanted the slavery to keep legal