Australia's Migration History (1788 (1851 (1901 (1914 (1939 (1945…
Australia's Migration History
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white Australia policy began to retire and non-European residents were allowed to apply for citizenship. Two years later the Dictation Test was abolished as a further means of exclusion. By the 1960s mixed race migration was becoming easier and in 1967 Australia entered into its first migration agreement with a non-European country, in this case Turkey.
1947, after the war many people had survived Nazi labour and camps and many were unable or unwilling to return to their homes, so the Australia decided accept a minimum of 12,000 of these refugees a year.
the Department of Immigration was established, headed up by Arthur Calwell. It resolved that Australia should have annual population growth of two per cent, of which only half could come from natural increase. 70,000 immigrants a year were needed to make up the difference.
with the outbreak of WW2 previously acceptable migrants — Germans, Italians, Japanese and Hungarians – were reclassified ‘enemy aliens’ and interned or kept under close police surveillance.
The 1901 Immigration Act was extended to ban people from these countries for five years. The ban on Turkish people was not lifted until 1930.
WW1 broke out and immigration almost halted
White Australia policy restricted immigration
Gold was discovered in Australia and migration changed completely
Between 1851 and 1861 over 600,000 came and while the majority were from Britain and Ireland, 60,000 came from Continental Europe, 42,000 from China, 10,000 from the United States and just over 5,000 from New Zealand and the South Pacific.
80,000 people arrived in NSW from convict ships and other smaller percentage through voluntary means.