Five Principles of Conversation (Principle of Dialogue (Avoid…
Five Principles of Conversation
Principle of Politeness
The maxim of sympathy- the expression of understanding, sympathy, empathy, supportiveness, and the like for another person
The maxim of agreement- seeking out areas of agreement and expressing them
The Maxim of modesty- minimizes any praise or compliments you might receive
The Maxim of approbation- refers to praising someone or complimenting a person in some way
The maxim of generosity- helps to confirm the other persons importance.
The Maxim of Tact- helps to maintain the other's autonomy
Principle of Turn Taking
Attempts to take over the role as speaker
used to communicate various types of information back to the speaker with out you assuming the role of speaker
Trun denying cues- you are reluctant to assume the role of speaker
Turn-requesting cues- let the speaker know that you want to speak.
Turn yielding cues- tell the listener you are finished and wish to exchange roles
Turn-maintaining cues help you maintain the speaking role
Principle of Dialogue
Avoid manipulating the conversation
Acknowledge the presence and importance of the other person
Keep the channels open
Avoid negative criticism and negative judgement
Demonstrate respect for the other person
Monologue is the opposite side
Each person is both the speaker and listener, sender and receiver
Principle of Cooperation
Manner principle- be clear, avoid ambiguities, be relatively brief, and organize your thoughts into meaningful sequence
Relation principle - you talk about what is relevant to the conversation.
Quality Principle - Say what you know to be true and not say what you know to be false
Quantity Principle - only be informative as necessary to communicate your intended meaning.
Principle of Process: Conversation is a Developmental Process.