Week Eleven: Employee Wellbeing (Factors challenging employee well-being …
Week Eleven: Employee Wellbeing
What is employee Wellbeing?
It is a measure of a persons happiness, psychological emotional and mental state. Therefore it is strongly linked to how satisfied a person feels about both themselves and their life
Why should organisations worry about employee well-being?
improved productivity, quality of work and overall morale and culture of the organisation
increased retention rates
better able to attract quality candidates
more likely to avoid high costs associated with absenteeism, presenteeism, injury and illness
what leads to employee wellbeing?
research indicates employee well-being to be an outcome of the intersection of an employee's work and family/life
where does work & family/life begin or end?
Work: Any instrumental activity intended to provide goods and services to support life
Family: Personals related by biological ties, marriage, social customs or adoption
Life: All activities and relationships that belong to work, family and any other domain of one existence.
the intersection of work and family/life results in three main outcomes:
Conflict: a form of inter-role conflict in which the role pressures from the work and family domain are inter compatible in some respect
enrichment: The extent to which experiences in one role (eg work) improve the quality of life in the other role (eg family)
balance: the individuals perception that work and non work activities are compatible and promote growth in accordance with an individuals current life priorities
Factors challenging employee well-being
increasing work intensity, load and hours, especially among professionals
lack of job security
advancements in technology
rise in dual- income/ career families
ageing population (ie elderly dependants)
Stagnant gender norms pertaining to work and non work domains
What is work family conflict?
Factors and directionality work-family conflict
Time: When time used in performing one role minimises an individuals ability to perform the other role
Strain: when stressors in one role drains an individuals mental/physical energy to perform in the other role
behaviour: when behaviours required of one role are incompatible with behavioural expectations of the other role
Work to family conflict (W-F)
Family to work conflict (F-W)
Factors influencing work - family conflict
Instrumental: relief from family related duties
emotional: encouragement and understanding
family supportive supervisor
Family supportive organisational policies (eg. flexitime, telework)
Coping strategies used by individuals (eg. problem - focused, avoidance)
Legislation pertaining to employee rights
Conflict, coping and well-being
Family support, conflict and well being
instrumental and emotional assistance likely to be intertwine resulting in reduced F- W conflict
this in turn is likely to positively impact on well- being
work- support, conflict and wellbeing
a family- supportive supervisor reduces the probability of W-F conflict, thus increasing well- being
Complex relationships exist between organisational family supporting policies such as flexitime and telework and employee experiences of conflict and therefore wellbeing
Problem-focused coping, conflict and well-being
likelihood of problem focused coping to reduce conflict and thus increase well-being is a function of the degree of control an individual has in relation to a given life domain.