Alliances and Divisions (Parties Involved (The Ndebele and the Mashona…
Alliances and Divisions
The British vs. Ndebele
Ndeble surrendered and the British gave power over the Ndebele people to other tribes.
"They interfered with our wives and our daughters and molested them. In fact, the treatment was intolerable. We thought it best to fight and die rather than bear it."
The British weapons were superior but the people wanted their revenge
The weapons used by the British were called Maxim Guns. these guns shot several hundred rounds per minute and effectively defeated the Ndebele.
British played Ndebele vs. Mashona (neighboring tribes)
Ndebele became weak because of this and smallpox from the
Alliances formed between Europeans and Africans against other Africans
Initially, Henry Witbooi (Nama chief) was an ally of the Germans against the Herero
When Germans asserted control, Nama joined the Witbooi
Germans won and Witbooi was killed
Nama and Herero resisted strongly, but were defeated by the Germans
The Germans would put the people in concentration camps and the Germans waged a war of extermination.
Those who survived hunger, thirst, and exhaustion were placed in concentration camps :
Africans who resisted colonial authority were aware of the challenges they faced
However, political and economic competition with neighboring communities remained the highest priority
Conflict and competitions with other tribes led to ineffective resistance to Europeans
How did parties use alliances and divisions to their advantage?
The Germans first allied with the Nama to overpower the nearby Herero, but then the Nama broke off and sided with the Herero.
The Nama first allied with the Germans to be safe and to take over the Herero. But, they late allied with the Herero after the Germans increased control.
The British were used existing divisions and conflicts to weaken and demoralize the Ndebele
Led to an easy defeat over the Ndebele, which was Britain's initial goal
The Ndebele and the Mashona
The Germans, the Nama, and the Herero
The British and the Ndebele
British attacked to take control of the Ndebele land