“According to Koppleman and Goodhart (2010), traditional education practices value and cater to only two of the eight intelligences described above: linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligences. It is no wonder, then, that we are missing the mark with so many of our learners. With multiple preferences for learning and processing information present in our classrooms, and the knowledge that our classrooms are comprised of increasing numbers of learners who are from linguistically and culturally diverse backgrounds, it becomes imperative that teachers reconceptualize instructional strategies and practices. It is in this reconceptualization of instruction that the arts hold so much promise.” Reif, N., & Grant, L. (2010). (pg. 101)
They are logical-mathematical, verbal-linguistic (auditory), bodily-kinesthetic, musical-rhythm, visual-spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist.
English Language Learners, Special Education
An additional consideration is the requirement that students demonstrate thinking through the use of oral language. Students may be thinking visually or kinesthetically and not be prone to translate into oral language.” p. 74