Components of Critical Thinking (3. Critical Thinking Competencies…
Components of Critical Thinking
3. Critical Thinking Competencies
General Critical Thinking Competencies
A systematic, ordered approach to gathering data and solving problems. Step 1: Identify Problem, Step 2: Collect Data, Step 3: Create Hypothesis, Step 4: Test Hypothesis, Step 5: Evaluate Results
Recognizing and defining the problem, assessing all options, weighing each option against a set of criteria, testing the possible options, considering the consequences of the decision, and then making the final decision.
Obtaining information and then using that information, along with prior knowledge, to find a solution to a problem.
Effective problem solving also involves evaluating a solution over time to be sure that it is still effective.
Clinical Decision Making
Focusing on defining patient problems and selecting appropriate treatments.
Performed by choosing a course of action from several options when faced with a clinical problem
Drawing conclusions from related pieces of evidence and involves forming patterns of information from data before making a diagnosis.
Determining a patient’s health status after making physical and behavioural observations as well as assigning meanings to the behaviours, physical signs, and symptoms exhibited by the patient.
Specific (Nursing Process)
Step 3: Develop and communicate a plan of care
Step 4: Perform nursing interventions
Step 2: Clearly define a nursing diagnosis/collaborative problem
Step 5: Evaluate effects of the intervention
Step 1: Identify a patient's health related concerns
Learning from observing, sensing, talking with patients and families, and then reflecting actively on the experiences
Interpreting, evaluating, and making judgements about the adequacy of various arguments and available data
1. Specific Knowledge Base
Applying knowledge based on information and theory from basic sciences, humanities, behavioural sciences and nursing
Guidelines or principles for rational thought
Ensures a complete database of information
Standards of responsibility cited in institutional practice guidelines, professional organizations' standards of practice, and legislation governing nursing practice
Focusing on a patient's values and beliefs to make clinical decisions faithful to a patient's choices