Philosophies of Ancient China (culture (Confucianism (Based on the…
Philosophies of Ancient China
Based on the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 B.C.).
A belief system that stresses the importance of order, education, and hierarchy
His collections of saying are in the Analects
Believed in education as a essential tool in becoming a refined gentleman.
Most important ideas were duty and humanity.
His idea of humanity emphasizes compassion and empathy towards others because “all men are brothers.”
Confucian social hierarchy placed bureaucrats rather than priests (like India) at the top of the social hierarchy
the Confucian notion
devotion wherein obedience and devotion to one's father/parents supersedes all other bonds
Individuals learn important lessons necessary to be a good citizen
Daoism or Taoism
Dao – “the way”
Founded on the teachings of
Emphasis on harmony between
humanity and nature.
People should act spontaneously
and let nature take its course.
Dao De Jing – collection of
Regarded as complementary
rather than contradictory to
Belief in dualism or two-sidedness
Ying – female, dark, cold and passive
Yang – male, bright, warm and active
Everything in the world results
from a balance of these forces
Believed human beings were
Formula for social order was having
a strong ruler and harsh, impersonal
laws, both of which made people
obedient through fear.
Used by the Qin and Han dynasties
Han eventually balanced it with
Confucianism and rewards