Types of Student Assessment (3rd Grade) (Diagnostic (Assessment FOR…
Types of Student Assessment (3rd Grade)
Advantages: diagnostic tests are usually only given to selected students and the results (of standardized test) are reliable.
Disadvantages: These tests may require extra specialists to come in. The average class teacher with 25+ students may not have the time or specialization to give struggling students diagnostic tests.
Assessment FOR learning, because the goal is for teachers to understand what strengths and weaknesses students in learning, to and adjust or differentiate teaching accordingly.
EXAMPLE: psyochmetric testing to determine learning disabilities such as dyslexia.
Advantages: helps teachers know what students know on a daily basis, and adjust their future lessons accordingly. They are smaller, low-stakes assessments which are done regularly.
Disadvantages: Collecting and sorting through formative assessments such as exit tickets can be time consuming for teachers, and it requires definitive organizational skills to keep track of students’ learning on a more individual, rather than group basis.
Assessment FOR learning, because they help teachers assess students’ understanding and help teachers personalize learning to students’ individual needs.
EXAMPLE: (Math) Exit tickets at the end of the lesson with 4 division problems, which must be handed in before students can leave.
Advantages: Assess students’ learning at the end of the unit by comparing it against some standard benchmark. The result is a clear and concise (a number or letter grade, usually).
Disadvantages: not all students test well or perform well under pressure. When teachers’ accountability is based on test scores, teachers may tend to teach test preparation rather than a more holistic understanding of the subject matter.
Assessment OF learning, because it clearly shows how much students have learned at the end of a given unit. After a summative assessment, a new topic is usually started.
EXAMPLE: An end of term exam on English grammar and vocabulary.
Advantages: Measures students' ability to apply the skills and knowledge learned from a unit. They are asked to answer a question or create a product using higher-order thinking skills. Performance based assessments are open ended and authentic. (as opposed to a multiple choice question).
Disadvantages: Not all students may be capable or ready to implement higher order problem solving skills. For some students, more straightforward, simple questions such as multiple choice questions, are more manageable.
Assessment FOR learning, because students likely aren’t graded on their answers, there is not necessarily one right answer, and the goal is critical, real-world thinking.
EXAMPLE: Students are given a scenario and they need to come up with a solution for it. In the boys bathroom there has recently been vandalism and two of the toilets are even broken as a result. You do not know who has caused the vandalism but want it to stop. Write a letter to the school principal about your concerns and tell her how you think the situation could be improved.
Advantages: These tests can open up new doors for students, such as admittance to college, a license to practice a career, etc.
Disadvantages: Often high-stakes tests ask multiple choice rather than open-ended questions which require reasoning or critical thinking. Not all students succeed with this type of testing and not all students receive equal preparation.
Assessment OF learning, because the result is based on a common, standard benchmark.
EXAMPLE: In order to enter my school in first grade, students must take a language test to prove that they already know German and English, so for the incoming first graders, this test is high-stakes.
Advantages: Portfolios are a place to collect students’ best work over time and can include multiple mediums/subjects.
Disadvantages: Portfolios are very subjective and evaluating them is not as straightforward of process as grading more traditional tests.
Assessment OF learning, because although portfolios are a less traditional form of evaluation, they are usually done at the end of a unit to show the sum of a student’s best work, or what he/she has learned.
EXAMPLE: Students create a portfolio of their best pieces of writing throughout the school year and revisit this booklet to see how their writing has improved over time.
Advantages: Authentic assessments measure intellectual accomplishments which are meaningful, significant and relevant to the real world oriented.
Disadvantages: Authentic assessment is based on classroom activities and can be considered anecdotal and more subjective than traditional tests.
Assessment FOR learning, because like performance based assessments, the goal is for students to critically think and apply their learning to more real-life scenarios.
EXAMPLE: A roleplay about family and identity.
Advantages: puts students accountability/learning into their own hands. Allows them to critically reflect if they have been trying their best, or there are areas they could improve, rather than being told this by their teachers (or in addition to).
Disadvantages: Young students may have trouble assessing or formulating their own achievements and areas of improvement.
Assessment FOR and OF learning, because students are required to think about what have I been doing well (of learning) and what do I want to do better on in the future (for learning), so they are both looking back and forward.
EXAMPLE: Before parent-teacher meetings, students fill out a self assessment (with questions and smiley faces) of how they think they are doing in each subject, which then supplements the teachers’ own assessment.
Advantages: Students giving feedback learn how to articulate opinions and give constructive criticism.
Disadvantages: If feedback is negative, student being assessed could get upset or discouraged.
Assessment OF learning, since peer assessment is usually done after a presentation, project, etc. which is summative in nature.
EXAMPLE: After a presentation of a project or hearing another student share his or her work aloud with the class, the others students raise their hand ask questions and give constructive criticism about some things that student did well and could improve upon.