Tourism, as with any type of development, can also create change that removes opportunity or threatens quality of life. Some examples are disruptions of residents' lives owning to increased population during the tourist season, increases in crime, displacements of residents by new developments, conflicts in values and impacts on the local culture. (MCCOOL & MARTIN 1994, WILLIAMS, MCDONALD, RIDEN&UYSAL 1995)
(PROSSER 1994) highlights four forces of social change that are driving this search for sustainability in tourism :dissastisfaction with existing products, growing environmental awareness and cultural sensitivity: realisation by destination regions of the precious resources they possess and their vulnerability and the changing attitudes of developers and tour operators.
In 70/80s already discovered that tourism is not without negative consequences for the host community. (ALLEN 1988)
Local urban politicians and officieals who might be expected to purvey a localism are conscious of wider trends, fashions and best practice. They will all therefore have a bias towards duplication of what has succeeded elsewhere rather than a more risky innovation. (ASHWORTH 2010)