Language Distortion and Logically Communicating (Avoid Intensional…
Language Distortion and Logically Communicating
Avoid Intensional Orientation
Intensional Orientation is the tendency to view people, objects, and events in terms of how they are talked about or labeled rather than in terms of how they actually exist.
It is when you see something through your own schemata.
It is best to focus on the object or event and then look at it in the way it is talked about.
I would be experiencing extensional orientation if at first I focused on the object and then looked at the labels for the object.
Distinguish between the way people, objects, and events are talked about and what exists in reality; the word is not the thing.
Allness is when someone assumes they already know everything about someone, when in fact there is more to learn.
Every statement can be seen as incomplete, because there is always more information out there to learn and understand.
If I was talking to my patient and thought they were grouchy after the first thirty minutes. I would be seen as assuming allness because I think I know everything about the person.
No one can know or say all about anything; always assume there is more to be said, more to learn.
Avoid Fact-Inference Confusion
An Inferential statement is a statement that you make not solely on what you observe, but on what you observe plus your own conclusions.
Language allows people to form statements of inferences and facts without actually being able to see a difference between the two.
If I called my patient grouchy, it would be an inferential statement because it is what I observed as well as my own conclusions.
Distinguish between facts and inferences and respond to them differently.
Indiscrimination is stereotyping that occurs when you look at categories of individual things instead of the unique individual itself.
If I looked at every 60 year old patient as lazy, I would then label my new patient who I just recently met lazy because they are 60 years old.
The best way to avoid indiscrimination would be to use an index which is a spoken or mental subscript that identifies each individual in a group as an individual.
Polarization is the tendency to look at the world and to describe it in terms of extremes of either good or bad.
People tend to exist somewhere in between each of the extremes, they might not be super good or super bad, they might be somewhere in the middle.
If someone that I saw was not rich, my mind would instantly put them at being poor because of polarization.
Polarization can be minimized by using the middle terms to describe people instead of the far extremes.
Talk about the middle, where the vast majority of cases exist.
Avoid Static Evaluation
Static Evaluation occurs when someone talks about the past like it has not changed since then.
I would be experiencing static evaluation if I talked about my twenty year old brother like he was still my twelve year old little brother.
People can improve on this by actually placing dates next to what they are talking about to better understand.
Regularly update your messages, meanings, evaluations, and beliefs.