ADMINISTRATION AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE (Unit 3. The structure design,…
ADMINISTRATION AND ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
UNITY1. TRADITIONAL PARADIGMS OF ADMINISTRATION
The Theories of the Systemic Organization.Main exponents and theories.
All organizations, regardless of their turn or size, there are functions that condition organizational success.
Sat down the foundations
Of the social man opposed to the rational man.
The Theories of Systemic Organization
Described by van Gigch (1987) as
A design methodology.
A common conceptual framework.
A new kind of scientific method.
A theory of organizations.
It consists of several approaches
Identify the roles of administrators.
Objective study of human behavior.
The development, structure and function of society.
Is given by
Frederick Taylor and Henry Fayol.
The Theory of Information establishes the necessary elements for effective communication in organizations.
The Mathematical Theory of the administration contributes the mathematical approach by creating mathematical models that help to improve the decision making.
Cybernetics brings the similarities of direction in the ships to the situations in administration.
Unit 3. The structure design
The organization today
Process of systematic evaluation of the nature of a business, defining the long-term objectives, identifying quantitative goals and objectives.
Organizational structure. Components
The structure of the company is
A set of formal working relationships
Responsibility of the people within the company.
Organization, roles and standards.
It is characterized by
It comes from the Greek organon which means instrument.
It refers to organization as a process.
It refers to the organization as an entity or social group.
Roles and rules
It is based on obtaining efficiency that is only possible through the ordering and rational coordination of all the resources that are part of the social group.
Structural. Mechanisms of coordination.
Standardization of Tasks and Processes.
Normalization of Skills.
Normalization of Results.
It consists of three phases
PROCESS DESCRIPTION PHASE.
ELABORATION OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE.
PHASE OF FORMULATION OF THE MISSION AND OBJECTIVES.
It is to make the knowledge productive, that is why it requires the specialization of its members, so that this knowledge can be more efficient.
Unit 4. Structural Typology
Set of strategies, norms and parameters of an organization, which guide the actions of the officials to reach their objectives and goals in a given place and term
Flexibility and Structural Change
Flexibility in Organizations is associated with changes in the environment and / or the ability to adapt to these changes.
Structural Change is given by
You get results, forms of organization, distribution and allocation of resources including humans.
Through the standardization of work, the entire administrative structure is created.
Through the knowledge of employees.
It's based on
Coordination is at the strategic apex through direct supervision.
Parts of the whole Organizational.
It is the assembly of a construction, a relatively long-lasting arrangement.
The parts are
Strategy / Planning
Staff and knowledge.
Unit 2. • The new management paradigm.
The new paradigms and their influences: Japanese management, continuous improvement, quality circles, reengineering, TQM.
Círculos de calidad
Pequeño grupo de empleados que realizan un trabajo igual o similar en un área de trabajo común.
Volver a empezar arrancando de nuevo. No es hacer más con menos, es con menos dar más al cliente.
Process that describes very well what is the essence of quality.
The influence of new technologies.
Technology, that is, technical rationality, became synonymous with efficiency.
Technology, in the name of progress, creates incentives in all types of businesses.
Technology has the property of determining the nature of the organizational structure.
The factors of change.
Change, from a sporadic phenomenon to something permanent.
Competition, with the opening of markets, moves from a national or regional to a global one.
The customer is the most important factor.
Consequences of Globalization and Regionalization
Is given by
Companies require executives with the ability to maintain and increase customer satisfaction market share and profits.
The integration of the companies, has its origin in the globalization, these are companies that are developed successfully in important markets.
The agents face new challenges every day: global competition, complexes, social forces, innovations and technological changes.