The Imperial Officials (8) Recruitment and Rank (8.1) (3. From 1560…
The Imperial Officials (8)
Recruitment and Rank (8.1)
Mughal Chronicles especially the Akbar Nama portray an image where the sole agency rests with the emperor and the rest just follow his orders
However, if we look closely at these sources of rich history it is evident that the
imperial ogranisation was dependent on different institutions to function effectively.
One imp- the corps or officers also referred to as the nobility by the historians
The nobility was recruited from a diverse ethnic and religious background
this was done to make sure that no faction was large enough to challenge the authority of the state
the officers were collectively known as a bouquet of flowers (guldasta) held together by their loyalty to the emperor
Irani and Turani officers were there with Akbar since the first phase of carving out a political dominion.
Many had accompanied Humayun; ithers migrated later to the Mughal Court
From 1560 onwards, two ruling groups of the Indian origin joined the imperial service
First was a Rajput named Raja Bharmal Kachhwaha of Amber, to whose daughter Akbar got married.
Hindus inclined towards education and accountancy were also promoted - Akbar's finance minister - Rajar Todar Mal of Khatri caste
Indian Muslims (Shaikhzadas)
Jahangir had a lot Iranians holding high offices in his court because of his politically influential queen, Nur Jahan, who was an Iranian.
Aurangzeb's court had a lot of Hindus, Marathas were holding a sizeable number of posts.
All holders of govt offices held ranks comprising two numerical designations -
Zat - position in hierarchy and salary
Sawar- no. of horsemen he had
in the 17th Century, Mansabdars with 1000 zat or above were ranked as nobles.