CONSEQUENCES OF FEB/MARCH REVOLUTION (Tsar's abdication (Nicholas…
CONSEQUENCES OF FEB/MARCH REVOLUTION
Nicholas never returned to Petrograd, his train was diverted and forced to stop by rebel workers.
His advisors suggested that he should resign in favour of his son with Mikhail acting as regent.
However, Nicholas worried Alexis's poor health would be an issue so named Grand Duke Mikhail as Tsar.
Mikhail refused the throne and the Tsar and his family placed under house arrest, ending the Romanov dynasty
The PS controlled the...
Soldiers in the Petrograd Garrison
The two different organisations held meetings in different wings of the Tauride Palace
For the first 2 months, there was little conflict
The first measures take by the PG, such as the civil rights and imprisonment of Tsarist ministers and officials, were met by approval of the PS and the people
They issued freedom of religion and press and abolished the death penalty on the front
The policy of the PS was to keep their distance from the middle-class PG
The PS acted as a sort of watchdog to ensure the PG did nothing to damage the interests of the working class
The only exception was Alexander Kerensky who who was vice chairman of PS and Minister of Justice on the PG.
He acted as a go-between to resolve any misunderstandings
Therefore, saw the PS more favourably and as the more democratic group
The masses viewed the PG as the a self-appointed committee of the wealthy
Manily composed of intellectuals, Mensheviks, Social Revolutionaries anf a small number of bolsheviks.
Chaired by Chkheidze
Workers' and soldiers' representatives
They believed their main task was protecting the rights of the working classes and soldiers
It comprised of liberals, moderate socialists and Kadets
It was lead by prince Lvov, a wealthy aristocrat and Zemstva leader
Mikhail have political authority to this organisation, and it was accepted by the old tsarist civil service, army officers and the police
It was the original intention for this organisation to be temporary and elections to be held as soon as possible for a Constituent assembly
To run the country until a CA had been set up
Th PG had been chosen by a committee of the Duma, not elected by the people
Why did the Soviet not take power?
They did not believe it was the right time for the workers to form a government
The SRs and Mensheviks were following the classical Marxist timeline
They believed the workers needed a period of education before they could play a role in running the country
They wanted to avoid a civil war and counter revolution
They needed to keep the middle classes and army commanders on side
The High Command had kept their troops outside the city as they were reassured the Duma politicians were in control,
if they thought there was a socialist government they may turn hostile and send in soldiers
They leaders of the Soviet, mainly socialist intellectuals, were scared and were not sure they could control the masses
They thought the anger of the streets would be turned against them if they became the government
They had little experience of government therefore let others take the lead in the immediate aftermath