Freed Women In Reconstruction Era (Antebellum (before the war) Southern…
Freed Women In Reconstruction Era
What did 19th Century people typically believe?
in 1865 only 5 states in North granted full voting right to black men
between 1865-1868 6 states defeat state constitutional amendments to grant voting rights to black men
Antebellum (before the war) Southern Society
White elite: large plantations; few men with lots of power
emerging middle class
"yeoman farmers": small scale farmers
"white trash": poorest of the poor white people
What did women do upon gaining freedom?
feme covert/ feme sole
labor and mobility
negotiating changing social norms
wartime reconstruction plans
13th amendment ratified 1865: free slaves
presidential reconstruction (Johnson); 1866-1867
Black Codes: control over the free labor of African Americans; congress will react
birth and naturalization
naturalization law (1790): "free white persons"
promotes black male suffrage