Natural environment case studies (Eyjafjallajökull- Volcano ( ON a…
Natural environment case studies
Growth of informal settlements
Poorly maintained flood defenses
Poor transport and communication links
Lack of weather warnings
The south of the country is very low lying and is basically one big floodplain
70% of Bangladesh is less than 1m above sea level.
10% of Bangladesh is covered in lakes and rivers.
Over 57% of Bangladesh's land surface was flooded.
Over 1,300 people were killed.
7 million homes were destroyed; making 25 million homeless.
2 million tonnes of rice lost.
0.5 million cattle and poultry lost.
Total costs estimated at about $1 billion.
Gold Coast- coastal management
occurred on 12th January 2010
Shares an island with the Dominican Republic
lies on a conservative plate boundary- transform, boundaries slide along each other ( Caribbean and North American Plates)
Haiti's population : 10 million
pop below poverty line: 58.5%
Effects Of EarthQuake:
10,000 US troops
60 % of gov buildings destroyed
Judicial system disarrayed, 2 weeks till judges were available
Secondary effects of earthquake, water displaced + 3, 2m Tsunami's
prevalence of diseases due to large number of bodies
transportation inks badly damaged
1.3 million homeless
power outages + communication links
problem with looting
main industries such as
phycological trauma of event
ON a divergent (constructive) plate boundary - the North American and Eurasian plates.
It's around 40Km^2
The summit elevation is 1,666m (5,465 feet)
Between March 3-5th, 2010, almost 3,000 earthquakes recorded.
It entered a new phase of eruption on 14 April.
20 countries closed their airspace for around 6-8 days.
Airlines lost around $200 million
Kenya lost $3.5 million a day, as 20% of Kenya's economy is based on the exports of green vegetables and flowers to Europe.
After the eruption, volcanic tourism developed.
The eruption melted some of 150m thick ice-caps, causing floods.
Ash clouds were created
500 farmers and their families were evacuated
People were told to stay indoors because of the high sulphur dioxide levels and ash.
Ash contaminated local water supplies.
lahars and flooding resulted in 700 people being evacuated.
10 million airline passengers were affected. An 8-day travel ban cancelled 107, 000 flights, leaving passengers stranded.
EU ministers worked together
0.15 million tonnes of carbon dioxide was released back into the atmosphere per day.
Flouride from the ash contaminated water supplies.
Phytoplankton in the Atlantic Ocean bloomed as they fed on the iron in the ash, which boosted marine ecosystem.
Flooding was caused in Iceland.
How deserts are formed:
Less dense air sinks rises above the equator due to ___ creating more storms to occur
As more the air is pushed to the north and south by wind currents they lose their moisture and
Adaptations of Animals:
e.g little mice thingy