Special education needs: Strategies (Giftedness: Acceleration vs…
Special education needs: Strategies
Integration vs separation
Integration of ASD into mainstream schools
Pros: social interaction, easier access to resources, specialist teaching methods, broader opportunities to spread awareness, better understanding of social rules in real-world daily context.
Cons: Too many people to deal with socially. inflexible curriculum, untrained staff, fewer opportunities to explore social world in a safe environment.
UK, 2013 (Dyslexia)
78 school listed with specialist dyslexia units & most will help integrate dyslexic into mainstream edu. but with provision for specialist lessons.
Giftedness: Acceleration vs enrichment
Placed in a class of older students/ given more stretching work
Given extra activities in & out of classroom.
Enrichment triad model (Renzulli, 1977)
The department for Children , Schools & families recommends combination
Stretching targets: taking into account previous knowledge & skills.
Providing learning activities that stretch the student through acceleration & enrichment
Opportunities for independent learning
Enable learning in settings beyond the classroom.
Provide individual support for aspects such as language to stretch & challenge the student
Ensuring rich provision of edu. activities.
for reading, writing & spelling. Based on phonetics.
Introduces words, grammar, punctuation...in a series of logical steps to help dyslexic begin to read words ten write & get the spelling correct. Pictures are used to have students match sounds & words to correct pictures.
Use of colours
Use of cream/pastel shades of paper/ background to interactive board to help reduce "glare" (that makes reading difficult to students) & words appear clearer.
Use of coloured overlay on a piece of paper (plastic coloured sheet)/ wear tinted reading glasses with their preferred colour as their lenses. These help reduce visual stress.
Choice of colour for text is crucial- some colour combination, eg. red text on white b/g might be "invisible" to some.
Use of phonics
1) Phonemic awareness: help recognition of different phonemes & what they sound like.
2) Phonic instruction: teaches students how to "sound out" a printed word by recognizing the different letters in a word.
3) Spelling & writing instruction: encourages students to combine letters to make words & then say them.
4) Fluency instruction: practice reading words correctly; encouraged to read faster each time.
5) Vocabulary instruction: allows students to begin to recognize the words they've learned.
6) Comprehension instruction: encouraged to ask questions.