(Web Browser & Web Address) (Web Address (Components of Web Address …
(Web Browser & Web Address)
World Wide Web
The World Wide Web (www), or the Web,
consists of a worldwide collection of
electronic documents (or Webpages).
• The World Wide Web is one of the Internet
Web page refers to an electronic document on
the Web which can contain text, graphics,
animation, audio, and video.
Web site is a collection of related Web pages
and associated items such as documents and
pictures, stored on a Web server.
Web server is a computer that stores Web
pages and delivers requested Web pages to
DNS server is a computer that translates the
domain name to its associated IP address.
• Web browser is an application software that
allows users to access and view Web pages
Web address is a unique address for a Web
• Also called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
Components of Web Address
– A set of rules that defines how pages transfer on
• Types of protocol:
– http (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
a standard set of rules that defines how pages
transfer on the Internet.
– https (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure)
a protocol for secure communication over a
– Address of the computer that contains the Web
site (IP address)
– Directories or folders that contains the files being
Web Page Name
– the name of the file that is being accessed
Browsing, web surfing, or navigating the Web
refers to the activity of using a Web browser
to view web pages, and to move from one
Web page to another through hyperlinks.
Ways of Navigation
• Refers to text which contains link to other text.
• Mostly used in text-based Web page such as
• Refers to text or image that contains link not
only to text, but also to other forms of media
such as graphic, audio and video.
• Combines text-based links with graphics,
audio, and video links.
World Wide Web (Web Searching)
• Search tool is a program available on the
Internet to help you find information among
the millions of documents on the Web.
Types of Search Tools
• Search engine is a search tool that finds Web
sites, Web pages, images, and other
information related to a specific topic.
• Subject directory is a search tool that classifies
Web pages in an organized set of categories