Development Psychology (Jean Piaget (- (Stage One (B-2) (Experience the…
Stage One (B-2)
Experience the world through senses and actions
Object Permanence (6 mth)
The awareness objects continue to exist even if they cannot be seen.
Crying when in a stranger's arms. Helps babies stay alive
Stage Two (Preoperational 2-6 years
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.
trouble of a child taking another’s point of view.
Pretend Play – Ability to imagine (playing house) and or having friends that are not real.
(Concrete Operational 7-11 years)
Think logically about events, can perform mathematical operations.
– Properties such as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes in form or shape.
(Formal Operational 12 and up)
Abstract thinking, Moral development.
Many years we believed that we form attachments with mothers due to food.
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6) Stage 3
Learn about social interactions and learn how to control outburst.
Positive: Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things without being told
Negative:Frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Autonomy vs. Shame (1-3) Stage 2
Begin to walk, talk and use toilets. Self-confidence and control develops.
Positive: Child develops control over body (is able to say no)
Negative: Doubt abilities thus have low self esteem.
Competence vs. Inferiority (6-12) Stage 4
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks.
Positive: Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments.
Negative: Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with one's peers.
Trust vs. Mistrust (B-irth-1) Stage 1
Develop trust with parents for food, warmth and affection.
Have a sense that the world will be okay.
Negative:-Later will questions the world in which they live.
Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18) Stage 5
Ask the Question “Who am I”. Work on social interactions and morals development.
Positive;Answer question successfully are able to develop identity and make plans for future.
Negative: Sink into confusion and about who they are.
Intimacy vs. Isolation (19-40) Stage 6
At this stage we are all preoccupied with love.
Positive:Are able to love.
Negative:Fear commitment and unable to depend on others.
Generativity vs. Stagnation (40-65) Stage 7
People look to help the next generation.
Positive: Helping next generation makes you feel great.
Negative: Feeling like nothing was done.
Integrity vs. Despair (65- D-eath) Stage 8
Look back at life and see how you did.
Positive:Did good and ready to die.
Negative:Did bad and feel like it was a waste.
People's agreed upon rights or fellows what an personally perceives as basic ethical principles
Conventional Morality (Early Adolescence)
Starts to care for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are laws and rules
Stage 1: Pre Conventional morality (Before 9)
Kids obey parents either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards