Psychological Development (Stages of Development For Piaget …
Conservation – Properties such as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes in form or shape.
I’ll give you 10 shiny pennies for your one quarter.
Example of conservation
Think logically about events, can perform mathematical operations.
Concrete Operational 7-11 years:
Many years we believed that we form attachments with mothers due to food.
Formal Operational 12 and up:
Two fake mothers,
1)one with soft cloth and no source of food.
2)Bottle but no cloth.
Which do you think was preferred?
We found out that babies (monkeys) prefer nurturing over nourishment.
We need security, rather than food.
Generativity vs. Stagnation (40-65)
+Helping next generation makes you feel great.
-Feeling like nothing was done.
People look to help the next generation.
Integrity vs. Despair (65- D)
+Did good and ready to die.
-Did bad and feel like it was a waste.
Look back at life and see how you did.
Believed that children learn in a series of events.
Also believed as we grow up we create schemas.
Children are not miniature adults.
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6)
Learn about social interactions and learn how to control outburst.
+Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things without being told.
frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Competence vs. Inferiority (6-12)
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks
+Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments.
-Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with ones peers
Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18)
Ask the Question “Who am I”. Work on social interactions and morals development.
+Answer question successfully is able to develop an identity and make plans for future.
-Sink into confusion and about who they are
Intimacy vs. Isolation (19-40)
+Are able to love.
-Fear commitment and unable to depend on others.
At this stage, we are all preoccupied with love.
By the time we are old we have countless schemas, from tying a knot to the concept of love
Are Frameworks molds we pour our knowledge into
Two Concepts on Schemas
A baby and doggies.
Creating a schema: with a book on doggies.
1)Assimilation: we interpret things based on _current__ schemas and current ideas.
Two Concepts on Schemas
2) Accommodate: Adapting current schemas to _new__ information.
Stages of Development For Piaget
Sensorimotor B-2 years:
Experience the world through sense and actions.
Object Permanence (6 mth)
Object Permanence – The awareness objects continue to exist even if they cannot be seen.
Stranger Anxiety – Crying when in a stranger's arms.
Preoperational 2-6 years:
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.
Pretend Play – Ability to imagine (playing house) and or having friends that are not _real__.
Egocentric: trouble of a child taking another’s point of view.
Play Kids standing in front of the TV - nobody else matters
On stage in a movie - all eyes should be on you
Pretend Play: Make believe friends.
Trust vs. Mistrust (B-1)
-later will questions the world in which they live
Develop trust with parents for food, warmth and affection
+Have a sense that the world will be okay.
Autonomy vs. Shame (1-3)
Begin to walk,talk and use toilets.
+Child develops control over body (is able to say no)
Self-confidence and control develops.
-Doubt abilities thus have low self-esteem
Kohlberg Moral Development
Conventional morality:(early Adolescence) starts to come from others and upholds laws and social mess simply because they are the laws and rule
preconventional morality:(before age 9) kids obey parents either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards.
post conventional morality: people's agreed upon the right or follows what one person perceives as basic ethical principles.