Psychological Development (Sigmund Freud (Genital Stage (13 and On) Time…
Pre-Operational Stage (2-6 years)
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.
Concrete Operational Stage (7-11 years)
Think logically about events, can perform mathematical operations.
Sensorimotor Stage (B-2 years)
Experience the world through senses and actions.
Object Permanence (6 mth)
Formal Operational Stage (12 and up)
Abstract thinking, moral development.
Stages of Development
Initiative V Guilt
Learn about social interactions and learn how to control outburst.
: Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things with out being told.
: frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Competence V Inferiority
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks.
: Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments.
: Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with one's peers.
Autonomy V Shame
Begin to walk, talk and use toilets.
Self-confidence and control develops.
: Child develops control over body (is able to say no)
: Doubt abilities thus have low self esteem.
Identity V Role Confusion
Ask the Question “Who am I”. Work on social interactions and moral development.
: Answer question successfully are able to develop identity and make plans for future.
: Sink into confusion and about who they are.
Intimacy V Isolation
At this stage we are all preoccupied with love.
+: Are able to love.
: Fear commitment and unable to depend on others.
Generativity V Stagnation
People look to help the next generation.
: Helping next generation makes you feel great.
: Feeling like nothing was done.
Trust V Mistrust
Develop trust with parents for food, warmth and affection.
:Have a sense that the world will be okay.
-: later will questions the world in which they live.
Integrity V Despair
Look back at life and see how you did.
: Did good and ready to die.
: Did bad and feel like it was a waste
Genital Stage (13 and On)
Time of sexual awaking.
Person is aware of sexual pleasure and is ready to move into the world.
Latency Stage (6- 13)
Battle with phallic stage is over.
Child represses sexual needs and develops social and intellectual skills.
Phallic Stage (3-6)
Pleasure is based around genitals.
Oedipus Complex: Boys try to replace their fathers in hopes of winning their mother’s love.
Electra Complex: Girls try to replace their mothers in hopes of winning their father’s love.
Penis Envy: Girls want to have a penis.
Anal Stage (1.5- 3 years)
Greatest pleasure comes through anus muscles.
Two types of personality evolve, anal retentive and expulsive
Oral Stage (B-18 months)
Infants are fixated with pleasure around the mouth.
Chewing, sucking and biting (these all feel good to a baby