Psychological Development (ERIKSON (Trust vs. Mistrust (develop trust with…
Trust vs. Mistrust
develop trust with parents for food, warmth, and affection
Positive effect: believe the world will be okay
Negative: Question the world
Birth to 1 year of age
Autonomy vs. Shame
Self confidence and control develops
Ages 1 to 3 years
Negative: doubts abilities and low self esteem
Positive:Child controls body and can say no
Competence vs. Inferiority
pleasure in new tasks assigned
Positive: Pleasure in accomplishments
Negative: compare to others and develop low self esteem
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Age of 12 to 18
try to understand who they are by development of interactions and morals
Positive: are able to develop identity and future plans.
Negative: They are confused about who they are.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
19-40 years of age
In this stage people worry about love
Positive: are able to and find someone to love
Negative: Fear commitment
Generality vs. Stagnation
People look to help the next generation
Age from 40-65
Negative: Has done nothing with life.
Positive: helping next generation makes them feel good
Integrity vs. Despair
Ages: 65 until we die
People here tend to look back at all their life and how they did.
Positive: If they feel they did good, they are ready to die.
When they did not do all they could, they feel their life was a waste.
Initiative vs. Guilt
3-6 years of age
learn interactions and control of outbursts
Positive: learning certain things aren't allowed and do things without being told
Negative: frustrated over natural desires and goals
Representing things with words and images but no logical reasoning
Egocentric: child can not take another's point of view
Pretend Play: child is able to imagine and/or have friends that aren't real
2-6 years of age
Think logically about events, can perform math problems
Conservation/Math operations: Properties remain the same even if shape or form is changed
7 to 11 years
Child experiences world through senses and actions
Object permanence: are aware object still exists even if it is not seen
Stranger anxiety: Crying when held by a stranger
Birth to 2 years
Abstract thinking, moral development
12 years and older
Begins to care about others and follows rules just because they are rules.
Before age of 9 years
Kids obey parents to avoid punishment
People agree upon rights and follow what one believes is basic ethical principles