Psychological Development (Erik Erikson (Trust Vs. Mistrust (Birth - 1…
From birth to 2 years old
Experience the world through senses and actions.
Object Permanence (6 months)
The awareness objects continue to exist even if they can't be seen.
Crying when in a stranger's arms.
From 2 to 6 years
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.
Trouble of a child taking another's point of view.
Example: Kids standing in front of the TV - nobody else matters
Ability to imagine (playing house) and or having friends that are not real.
Example: On stage in a movie - all eyes should be on you
Concrete Operational Stage
From 7 to 11 years
Think logical about events, can perform mathematical operations
Properties such as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes in form or shape.
Example: I’ll give you 10 shiny pennies for your one quarter.
Formal Operational Stage
12 years and up
Abstract thinking, moral development.
Trust Vs. Mistrust
Birth - 1 year old
Develop trust with parents for food, warmth and affection.
Positive:Have a sense that the world will be okay.
Negative: Later will questions the world in which they live.
Autonomy Vs. Shame
1 - 3 years old
Begin to walk, talk and use toilets.
Self-confidence and control develops.
Positive: Child develops control over body (is able to say no).
Negative:Doubt abilities thus have low self esteem.
Initiative vs. Guilt
3 - 6 years old
Learn about social interactions and learn how to control outburst.
Positive:Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things without being told.
Negative: Frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Competence vs. Inferiority
6 - 12 years old
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks.
Positive: Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments
Negative:Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with one's peers.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
12 - 18 years old
Ask the Question “Who am I”. Work on social interactions and morals development.
Positive: Answer question successfully are able to develop identity and make plans for future.
Negative: Sink into confusion and about who they are.
Intimacy vs. Isolation
19 - 40 years old
At this stage we are all preoccupied with love.
Positive: Are able to love.
Negative: Fear commitment and unable to depend on others.
Generativity vs. Stagnation
40 - 65 years old
People look to help the next generation.
Positive: Helping next generation makes you feel great.
Negative: Feeling like nothing was done.
Integrity vs. Despair
65 years old - Death
Look back at life and see how you did.
Positive: Did good and ready to die.
Negative: Did bad and feel like it was a waste.
Before age 9
Kids obey parents either to avoid punishments or to gain concrete rewards.
Starts to care for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules.
People's agreed upon rights or fellows what one personally perceives as basic ethical principles.