Psychological development (Jean Piaget (Stage 1 (Sensory Motor- Experience…
Experience the world through senses and action
Crying when in a stranger's arms
The awareness objects continue to exist even if they cannot be seen
Preoperational 2-6 year-
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning
- Trouble of a child taking another's point of view
Ability to imagine (playing house) and or having friends that are not real
Logically events, can perform mathematical operations
- Properties such as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes in form or shape
Abstract thinking, moral development
many years we believed that er for, attachments with mothers due to food.
Stages of development-
Believed that our lives are shaped in eight stages of development.
In each stage we are confronted with a crisis.
Trust vs. Mistrust (B-1)
Develop trust with parents for food, warmth and affection.
:Have a sense that the world will be okay.
: later will questions the world in which they live.
Autonomy vs. Shame (1-3)
Begin to walk, talk and use toilets.
Self-confidence and control develops.
: Child develops control over body (is able to say no)
: Doubt abilities thus have low self esteem.
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6)
Learn about social interactions and learn how to control outburst.
: Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things with out being told.
: frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Competence vs. Inferiority (6-12)
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks.
: Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments.
: Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with ones peers.
Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18)
Ask the Question “Who am I”. Work on social interactions and morals development.
: Answer question successfully are able to develop identity and make plans for future.
: Sink into confusion and about who they are.
Intimacy vs. Isolation (19-40)
At this stage we are all preoccupied with love.
+: Are able to love.
: Fear commitment and unable to depend on others.
Generativity vs. Stagnation (40-65)
People look to help the next generation.
: Helping next generation makes you feel great.
: Feeling like nothing was done.
Integrity vs. Despair (65- D)
Look back at life and see how you did.
: Did good and ready to die.
: Did bad and feel like it was a waste.
Kohlberg Moral Development
(Before age 9?) kids obey parents either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards
(Early adolecense) stars to care for another and upholds Conventional Moralitlas and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules
people's agreed upon rights or follows that one personality perceives as basic ethical principles