Psychological Development :smiley: (Erickson (Stages of Development…
Psychological Development :smiley:
we interpret things based on current schemas current ideas.
Adapting current schemas to new information.
Stages Of Development
Preoperational Stage 2-6 years
Representing things with words
and images but lacking logical reasoning
trouble of a child taking another’s point of view
Ability to imagine (playing house) and or having friends whom are not real.
Concrete Operational 7-11 years
Think logically about events,
can perform mathematical operations
properties such as mass, volume and number remain the same despite changes in formor shape.
I’ll give you 10 shiny pennies for your one quarter.
Sansorimotor B-2 years
Experience the world through senses and actions
The awareness objects continue to existeven if they cannot be seen
Crying when in a stranger’s arms.
Formal Operational 12- Up
•Are frameworks that organize information. •Kitchen Separator. •By the time we are old we have countless schemas, from tying a knot to the concept of love
•Children are not miniature adults.
•Believed that children learn in a series of events.
•Also believed as we grow up we create schemas.
Stages of Development
Trust vs. Mistrust (B-1)
Develop trust with parents
for food, warmth and affection.
+:Have a sense that the world will be okay.
-:later will questions the world in which they live.
Autonomy vs. Shame (1-3)
Begin to walk, talk and use toilets.
Self-confidence and control develops
+:Child develops control over body (is able to say no)
-:Doubt abilities thus have low self esteem.
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6)
Learn about social interactions
and learn how to control outburst
+:Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things with out being told.
-:frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Competence vs. Inferiority (6-12)
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks
+:Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments.
-:Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with ones peers.
Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18)
Ask the Question “Who am I”.
Work on social interactions
and morals development.
+:Answer question successfully are able to develop identity and make plans for future
-:Sink into confusion and about who they are.
Intimacy vs. Isolation (19-40)
At this stage we are all preoccupied with love.
+;Are able to love.
-:Fear commitment and unable to depend on others.
Generativity vs. Stagnation (40-65)
People look to help the next generation.
+:Helping next generation makes you feel great.
-:Feeling like nothing was done.
Integrity vs. Despair(65- D)
Look back at life and see how you did.
+:Did good and ready to die.
-:Did bad and feel like it was a waste.
In each stage we are confronted with a crisis.
Believed that our lives are shaped in eight stages of development
Kohlberg Moral Development
Before age 9
Kid s obey parents either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards
Starts to care for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules
Post Conventional Morality
Peoples agreed upon rights or fellows what one personally percieves as basic ethical principles