Psychological development (Erikson (8 stages of development (Stage 4…
8 stages of development
Stage 4 Competence vs. Inferiority
6 years old -12 years old
Discover pleasure in education and accomplishments.
Develop a low self-esteem when comparing with one's peers.
Stage 5 Identity vs. Role Confusion
12 years old- 18 years old
Answer question successfully are able to develop identity and make plans for future.
Sink into confusion and about who they are.
Stage 3 Initiative vs Guilt
3 years old - 6 years old
Learn about social Interactions and learn how to control Outburst.
Learn that certain things are not allowed, but are encouraged to do things without being told.
frustrated over natural desires and goals (family relationships).
Stage 6 Intimacy vs. Isolation
19 years old- 40 years old
Are able to love.
Fear commitment and unable to depend on others
Stage 2 Autonomy vs Shame
1 year old - 3 years old
Begin to walk, Talk and use toilets.
Self-confidence and control develops.
Child develops control over body and is able to say no
Doubt abilities thus have low self esteem
Stage 7 Generativity vs. Stagnation
40 years old -65 years old
Helping next generation makes you feel great.
Feeling like nothing was done.
Stage 1 Trust vs Mistrust
Birth to 1 year old
Develops TRUST with parents for food, warmth and affection
Have a sense that the world will be okay.
Later will question the world in which they live in
Stage 8 Integrity vs. Despair
65 years old - death
Did good and ready to die.
Did bad and feel like it was a waste
4 Stages of development
Stage 2 Preoperational
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.
2 years old - 6 years old
Stage 3 Concrete Operational
Think logically about events, can perform mathematical operations.
7 years old- 11 years
Stage 1 Sensorimotor
Experience the world through senses and actions.
Birth - 2 years old
Stage 4 Formal Operational
Abstract thinking, moral development.
12 years old and up
12 years old and on
6 Stages of development
stage 4 authority and social order
the purpose of morality is to maintain social order
stage 2 self interest
there interest shift to rewards rather than punishment
stage 5 social contract
morally right and legale right are not always the same
stage 1 obedience/ punishment.
there is no difference between doing right and doing wrong
stage 6 universal principles
morality is based on principles that transcend mutual benefit
stage 3 conformity and interpersonal accord
the "good girl/boy" stage