Psychological Development (Erikson (Trust vs. Mistrust (B-1) (Develop…
Ages from birth to 2 years old
Children experience the world through senses and actions.
Ages from 2-6 years
Representing things with words and images but lacking logical reasoning.
Ages from 7-11 years
Think logically about events, can perform mathematical operations.
Ages 12 & above
Abstract thinking, moral development.
Trust vs. Mistrust (B-1)
Develop trust with parents for food, warmth and affection.
Autonomy vs. Shame (1-3)
Begin to walk, talk and use toilets.
Initiative vs. Guilt (3-6)
Learn about social interactions and learn how to control outburst.
Competence vs. Inferiority (6-12)
Children learn the pleasure of applying themselves to new tasks.
Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18)
Ask the Question “Who am I”. Work on social interactions and morals development.
Before Age 9
Kids obey parents either to avoid punishment or gain concrete rewards.
Starts to care for others and upholds laws
People's agreed upon rights or follows what one personally perceives as basic ethical principles.