TEORI PEMBELAJARAN CONTRUCTIVISM (The Constructivist Way of Seeing the…
TEORI PEMBELAJARAN CONTRUCTIVISM
use mental patterns (schemes) to guide behavior or cognition,
and interpret new experiences or material in relation to existing schemes
meaningful information is stored in networks of connected facts or
concepts referred to as schemata
there is a zone for each learner, which is bounded on one side by the developmental threshold
The Constructivist Way of Seeing the World
The nature of reality
The nature of knowledge
The nature of human interaction
The nature of science
Implications for Teacher Education
helps the teacher to develop an awareness and understanding of the nature and sources of students’ misconceptions
diagnosing misconceptions held by students before and after instruction
Designing instructional strategies that tackle students’ misconceptions
Reviewing selected areas of subject matter in which teachers have conceptual problems.
Implications for Science Pedagogy
knowledge is actively built up from within by individuals and by communities.
language-based social interactions are central to the building of knowledge by
individuals and communities.
the character of cognition and a language
to bring coherency to an individual’s world of experience and a community’s knowledge base, respectively