Paul Ricoeur on Ethics and Moral (Ethics and Moral is different for…
Paul Ricoeur on Ethics and Moral
Moral ("a kingdom of norms")
Subjective Side of the Norm
Is there an AGENT acting?
AGENT is always accountable (like Aristotlean thinking on voluntary act - that you are always accountable if you are acting)
The subject is bound by the norm.
It is ONLY THROUGH the idea of agency that you get to freedom. "it is not that we attribute his actions to men because he is free but man is free because we attribute his action to men."
Objective Side of the Norm
The norm itself.
The agent is acting according the norm (if you give back money, your norm is so and so, if you don't give the money, your norm is so and so).
When we look at the objective side, we evaluate the NORM, not the AGENT.
The norm is what your decision is based on. What your position is based on. Where do we find the criteria to assess what the norm is?
Obeying Subject (auto) and Commanding Norm (nomy)
The norm comes from practice, from habits
Ethics and Moral is different for ricoeur
a priority of ethics (understood as teleological) over morality (understood as normative practice)
= normative practice
French: Memete (sameness) vs. ipsete (selfhood)
- the identity of something that is always the same which never changes
- continuation of the self across and through change.