Chapter 4 and 5: Coggle It and SPICE It Up (Chapter 5 (Zhou Dynasty…
Chapter 4 and 5: Coggle It and SPICE It Up
Political Example: Power was decentralized which allowed regional powers to grow which led to their decline. They also had no law codes to live by.
Interaction w/ Environment Example: Their location near the yellow river played a large role in their acquirement of resources
Social Example: The social classes were determined by the citizens' economic roles and status.
Cultural Example: Believed in a spirit world that was connected to what things occur in the real world which involved ritual sacrifices.
Foundations: Started in 1122 B.C.E and ended in 256 B.C.E. Apposed Shang leadership.
Economic Example: Harvested iron which allowed easy tool and weapon creation and also ended monopoly.
Social Order: Ruling class had the most power, and then came the artisans and craftsmen, merchants, peasants, and slaves. People were devoted to their families and the father of the family was the head.
Family: Devotion to family was vital and the fathers were the head of the family. There were very few female leaders that were prominent.
Political Example: Network of walled towns that were loyal to the center. The capital moved 6 times and the architecture was very complex and impressive.
Interaction w/ Environment Example: Utilized horses for chariots which improved war power.
Social Example: Burials of deceased royal members in large tombs with their servants, family, and friends. Sacrifices of slaves were also made.
Cultural Example: Had impressive and complex houses and buildings and had a unique burial ritual.
Foundations: Coexisted with other regional states such as San xingdui. It existed from 1766-1122 B.C.E.
Economic Example: They were concerned with bronze and even had a monopoly in it.
Political Example: Tribal connections later became political buildings
Interaction w/ Environment Example: Relied on many different cattle and utilized land for agriculture.
Social Example: Social class was seen through the caste system that involved priests, warriors, merchants, peasants, and untouchables;similar to that of the Chinese societal system
Cultural Example: Wrote literary works called Vedas which included Sanskrit(sacred language) and Prakrit(everyday language)
Economic Example: Largely a pastoral economy that utilized resources that came from animals such as sheep, goats, and horses. Jobs were also determined through the caste system.
Indian patriarchial society
Based on gender differences, Aryans constructed strong social order that stood along the caste system and varna hierarchy.
Enforced the Lawbook of Manu which made women subjects of their fathers, husbands, and sons; their duties were to bear children and maintain the home.
Their religion consists of the worshiping of the god called Indra, the war god. They carried out elaborate sacrifices to god but around 800 B.C.E. practice with cults was eschewed.
Foundations of Harappan Society
Social Example: Evidence of social stratification in dwelling sizes and decorations
Political Example: Government made city walls, fortified citadels, and constructed large granaries
Interaction w/ Environment Example: Due to excessive deforestation and earthquakes, the society started to decline
Complex Society emerged 3000-2500 B.C.E.-Cultivated cotton and poultry before 5000 B.C.E.
Decline after 1900 B.C.E.
Harappa(Punjab Region) and Mohenjo(Mouth of Indus River)-Around 1500 settlements found
Indus River- Silt-Enriched water from mountain range
Culture Example:The Harappan civilization influenced later Indian cultures. Evidence of statues and figures were found that reflected their art and architecture
Economic Example: Traded with different regions to obtain different resources and had a solid marketplace.