Principles of ELT Materials Development (Focuses on (Prior Knowledge,…
Principles of ELT Materials Development
According to Tomlinson
Maximise learner exposure to language
Positive effects on communicative competence
Rich, meaningful, and comprehensible input of language use.
Spoken and Written forms of language
Real life usage
Huge Variety of Genres
Using Materials Similar to each other
Noticing salient features of input
Apprehend before comprehend
Intuit before explore
Opportunities to use language for communicative purposes
What do we consider while planning and writing materials?
Need for long-term goals
Need for authenticity
Need to communicate
Need for student-centeredness
Provide opportunities to use the target language to achieve communicative purpose.
Take a balance of approaches in the way things are covered, inductive, deductive, and affective approaches to grammar, fluency and accuracy work.
Encourage leaners to apply their developing skills to the world beyond the classroom.
Materials should help learners to feel at ease
Attention drawn to linguistic features of the input
Materials should help learners to develop confidence
Materials should require and facilitate learner self-investment
Materials should maximise learning potential by encouraging intellectual, aesthetic and emotional involvement which stimulates both right and left brain activities
The learners' attention should be drawn to linguistic features of the input
Principles for Multimedia Design
Temporal Contiguity Principle
Spatial Contiguity Principle
. Multimedia Principle
To Comprehend Easier
Implicit and explicit knowledge
Formulaic expressions and rules
Learners readiness and logical sequencing
Learners' differences, needs and teaching conditions
Generalisable and frequenlt occuring features of L2
L2 input and interaction