THE PSYCHOLOGY OF STUDYING
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF STUDYING
SELF REGULATED LEARNING
Set specific, objective learning goals.
Plan a learning strategy.
Be your own teacher.
Monitor your progress.
Evaluate your progress and goals.
Take corrective action.
An impor- tant subpart of the Internet is the World Wide Web (WWW) or just plain “web,” an interlinked system of information “sites” or "pages".
Use a browser to keep lists of your favorite URLs s that you can return to them.
Online quizzes, web links, online flash cards, crossword puzzles.
The Wad- sworth Psychology Resource Center brings psychology to life with a full library of original and classic video clips plus interactive learning modules tied to all of the topics covered in your introduc- tory psychology course.
PschINFO provides summaries of the scientific and scholarly literature in psychology.
APA website has an online library of general interest articles.
THE SQ4R METHOD
S=Survey. Skim through the chapter.
Q=Question. As you read, turn each topic heading into one or more questions
R1=Read. The first R stands for read. As you read, look for answers to questions asked.
R2=Recite. After you read a small amount, pause and recite or rehearse.
R3=Reflect. Reflect on what you are reading.
R4=Review. When you're done reading, skim back over a section or the entire chapter, or read your notes.
One of the key steps is to ask yourself a lot of questions while you read. Dialogue Questions like the one that began this paragraph will help you focus on seeking information as you read.
As an aid to reading, important terms are printed in boldface type and defined where they first appear.If you want to look up a term from a lecture or another chapter, check the main Glossary
RECITE AND REFLECT
To help you study in smaller “bites,” this book is divided into short sections that end with Knowledge Builders, which make good stop- ping points. Each chapter ends with a Psychology in Action section. These discussions are filled with practical ideas you can relate to your own life and reflect.
Ultimately, the Gateways will provide a good high-level summary of what you learned in this course.
after you’ve studied the Gateway Questions, take a few minutes to do your own survey of the chapter. You should notice that each major chapter heading is accompanied by one of the Gateway Questions. This will help you build a “mental map” of upcoming topics.
Students who take accurate lecture notes tend to do well on tests.
As soon as you can, reflect on and improve your notes by fill- ing in gaps, completing thoughts, and looking for connections among ideas.
Remember to link new ideas to what you already know.
Summarize your notes. Boil them down and organize them.
After each class session, write down at least seven major ideas, definitions, or details that are likely to become test questions. Then make up questions from your notes and be sure you can answer them.
Study in a specific place. Somewhere quiet, well-lit, free of distractions.
Use Spaced Study Sessions. Do not cram it all in, make large numbers of relatively short study sessions.
Try Mnemonics. Create pictures for yourself or images in your brain.
Test yourself. Give yourself practice tests before the real practice test.
Overlearn. Continue studying beyond your initial memory.
Read the questions carefully, answer the question, think about your answer for a few minutes and list the main points you want to make, don't beat around the bush, and look over your essay for errors in spelling and grammar.
SHORT ANSWER TESTS
overlain the details of the course. As you study, pay attention to lists of related terms.
read all directions and questions carefully.
Quickly survey the test before you begin.
Answer easy questions before spending time on more difficult ones.
Time management. Create a weekly time schedule to plan for times to study, work, and have leisure activated. Have a term schedule that lists the dates of all quizzes, tests, reports, papers, and other major assignments due for each class.
Set Goals. Set them for the semester, the week, the day, and even for single study sessions.
Make learning an adventure.