Retrieval Practice- A learning strategy where we focus on getting…
A learning strategy where we focus on getting information out.
WHY DOES RETRIEVAL PRACTICE IMPROVE LEARNING?
The more difficult the retrieval practice, the better it is for long-term memory.
It makes learning effortful and challenging.
Having to actually recall and write down an answer to a flashcard improves learning more than thinking that you know the answer and flipping the card over prematurely.
It is much more effective than taking notes, re-reading, or listening lectures.
DOES RETRIEVAL IMPROVE MORE THAN JUST MEMORIZATION?
Improves students' complex thinking and application skills.
Improves students’ transfer of knowledge to new concepts.
Helps identify gaps in learning.
Metacognition: Awareness of what students know and don't know.
Omproves students’ transfer of knowledge to new concepts.
Feedback: Providing students information about whether they got something incorrect or correct.
FOR WHICH GRADE LEVELS, SUBJECT AREAS, AND STUDENTS IS RETRIEVAL PRACTICE APPROPRIATE?
ALL grade levels!!!
Helps in all subject areas: Math, Science, Social Studies/History, Vocabulary learning, Foreign Language Vocabulary
HOW DO I IMPLEMENT RETRIEVAL PRACTICE?
Clickers or colored index cards
Bell work or exit tickets: Givesmall slips of paper at the very beginning of class as students are entering the classroom (“bell work”) or before students leave the classroom (“exit tickets”) that include questions about content learned in class.
Page Protectors with dry erase markers
WHAT ARE POTENTIAL CHALLENGES IF I IMPLEMENT RETRIEVAL PRACTICE?
do I need to change my textbook? NO! flexibility
do I need to change my style of teaching? NO insert retrieval practice activities after your lessons to improve students’ learning and metacognition.
if I spend time using retrieval practice, can I not cover as much material? Retrieval practice doesn’t take more classroom time – it involves using classroom time.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How is retrieval practice different from “cold calling? By engaging every student in retrieval practice, every student reaps its benefits for long- term learning.
How much retrieval practice do I have to give? The more the better, and space it out!
Does retrieval practice increase test anxiety? No, it DECREASES test anxiety!
Should I provide feedback after retrieval practice? YES, it improves students' metacognition.
Multiple-choice or short answer? ALL OF THE ABOVE!
Should I give retrieval practice for a grade? NO. Providing retrieval practice without points or grades will maintain focus on retrieval practice as a learning strategy, not an assessment tool.
What types of questions should I include in retrieval practice? A variety!
Should I provide retrieval practice before, during or after a lesson? AFTER a lesson.