Changes After the Cold War (Eastern Europe ( The secret police which…
Changes After the Cold War
The secret police which opposed all protest to the government went against the government’s control and orders. The Communist leader, Nicolae Ceausescu was executed and a new government quickly followed. Economic growth is prevalent and the middle class is rising slightly.
1980 - Lech Wales create a trade union called Solidarity. In 1988 Poland agreed to free parliamentary elections, forming a new government after 45 years of Communist rule. After Walesa was chosen as President, free-market reforms caused an increase in unemployment. Aleksander Kwasniewsky succeeded Walesa in the presidency and moved Poland to a free-market economy and democracy.
New democracy split Czechoslovakia into two willingly. Vaclav Klaus, the second president, has create a stable economy post-Communism, and has become a market economy.
Economies in Europe stabilized and unemployment remained prevalent. The European Union was formed to establish a common currency and attempt to unify as much as Europe as possible.
France began to develop distaste against foreign residents of France. It had grown in such large amounts it developed into a political issue. Muslims were especially strenuous upon the French population’s views.
Mass demonstrations went against the Communist rule in Eastern Germany, and many Germans fled the region. The border between east and west was opened and people were reunited. The Berlin Wall was torn down and the Germans were reunified.
South and Central America
The distance in economy between rich and poor communities and households have began to slightly waver. This is because public education and economic growth have increased resulting in a larger general wealth.
Left winged governments have gained popularity in Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru. These countries have elected populist leaders and push for reforms.
Since the 1990s, multiple South American countries have moved to democracies. These countries have also often reformed their social and economic structures and policies.
In 1993 Canada approved NAFTA with the US and Mexico. Canadians felt the treaty was too favorable towards the US, and their prime minister lost his popularity. Jean Chretien became minister from 1993 to 2003, then Conservative Stephen Harper in 2006.
In the US, Ronald Reagan cut spending on many basic programs. Federal spending rose from 631 billion dollars to more than a trillion. Reagan’s polices created a record budget deficit.
In Mexico, poverty has been an immense issue, as well as unemployment. Currently, Mexico's unemployment rate is around four percent. Large amounts of drug trade into America is also president, which can result in large incomes, so many citizens have used it to their advantage.
Disease such as AIDs are widespread concerns, Africa being the continent with the largest percentage of diagnosed AIDs. Poverty is prevalent, and differing religions have caused physical conflicts.
Organizations within Africa have attempted to form similar groups as the European Union in attempts to increase trade, commerce, and communication.
Some countries in Africa are advancing politically in a positive way. Most countries in Africa, however, have sadly still been littered with assorted forms of issues.
The Middle East
The Middle East shows large political instability, ethnic tension, high unemployment, growing poverty rates, poor education, and still limited civil liberties.
Iran enforces strict adherence to Islamic law, which limits the basic rights of residence. Iran signed nuclear deals with powerful countries to limit development.
Peace efforts between Israel and Palestine fail continuously. Afghanistan and Iraq face large tensions based upon their US invasions.
New parties in India such as Hindu Bharata Janata compete with the declining population of the Congress Party. This political conflict is combined with tension between Hindus and Muslims. India’s economy has shown itself to be one of the largest and fastest growing.
Pakistan’s president was removed in 1997 due to beliefs of corruption. Afterwards, the successor of such was de’throned’ by a military coup. In 2003 conflicts began to increase as radical Muslim groups send challenges towards Pakistan.
In general, southeast Asian countries have shown economic growth, and many move towards democratic governments. In Indonesia, financial crisis cause political unrest. Many countries have shown conflict due to conflicts due to religions as well.
China sought after a prosperous economy after the rule of Mao. New policies were played as their national economy increased significantly. During this time, Communism remained a strong influence within China
Japan’s government is structured similarly to the United States. After the change towards such, economic growth was in line with the US, and Japan’s future seemed promising. However, in the 1990s, Japan fell into recession, economic growth slowed substantially and deflation became an issue.
North and South Korea remain to have large tensions between them. South Korea disagrees with North Korea’s nuclear weapons policies. As do most other countries. South Korea has one of the strongest economies in the world, whilst North Korea is completely isolated from the world in a militaristic dictatorship.