Changes of the Post Cold War
Changes of the Post Cold War
Eastern and Western Europe
Political- Western Europe
Gorbachev wanted to improve the economic policy. To do this he had to first encourage Soviet citizens and officials to openly discuss the strengths and weakness of the Soviet Union.
Nicolae’s (Romania’s Communist leader) economic policies led to a sharp drop in living standards. They are just beginning to show economic growth and a rise in middle class.
The Polish regime agreed to free parliamentary elections, ending 45 years of Communist rule. Lech Wałesa created a trade union known as Solidarity. He eventually became president of Poland.
Political- Eastern Europe
In the 1990s there was a backlash against the woman's movement, some people want to go back to traditional gender roles. Other women have rejected this idea and have been trying to advance the women's movement.
The European Union created a common currency for Eastern Europe, the Euro. The Euro replaced 17 national currencies and served approximately 327 million people.
In Great Britain the Conservative Party has failed to grab the imagination of most Britons. In the new elections the Labour Party won by a landslide and Moderate Tony Blair became the new Prime Minister.
Africa and The Middle East
Political- The Middle East
Iran limits the rights of women, the right of free assembly and free press. In 2011 protests swept across Iraq due to people wanting a better government service.
Most countries in The Middle East have a high percentage of young people. Half of Egypt's 80 million people are under the age of 25, most of which are unemployed.
After the re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad hundreds of thousands of people protested and declared the election a fraud. Efforts to reach peace between the Israelis and Palestinians have failed due to continued terrorist attacks and disputes.
Religion has played a big role in dividing parts of Africa. There has been much violence between Muslims and Christians, in Nigeria.
Rapid population growth has led to a slowed economic growth, Africa's population has grown by 2.3 percent compared to the normal 1.24 percent. Cities have grown tremendously and poverty and pollution rates have increased.
In Libya, protesters were rebelling against Colonel Qaddafi's authoritarian regime. Colonel Qaddafi's troops began to use force against the protests and the UN security council had to step in and stop the violence.
North and South/Central America
After WWII the United States dominated the art world. America's music, movies sports, etc became known throughout the world and our culture spread.
The total federal spending rose from $631 billion to over a trillion dollars in 6 years! Between !981 and 1987 the budget deficit was 3 times the amount than in the 1970s.
Reagan's vice president, George Bush became president. Due to Bush's inability to deal with the budget deficit and an economic downturn, Clinton was able to become president.
Political- South/Central America
In Brazil they used revenue from copper resources to fund social programs for woman and children. There has also been an increase of public education.
In many parts of South and Central America there are high poverty and unemployment rates. While in Chile and Brazil there has been an increase in trading and unprecedented economic growth.
There's a trend in Latin American where there has been an increase election of left-wing governments. Most of South/Central America has pushed for democratic freedoms.
East, South, and Southeast Asia
East Asia- Political
During the 1950s and 60s the Chinese government began to give woman more rights and allowed them to take part in politics, Clothing choices were no longer restricted and married couple could give their children more eloquent names.
During the 1990s growth rates in industry were high and it was predicted that China would become an economic superpower.China has been able to compete with the growing presence of foreign enterprises and has set up trade with the U.S.
China began a new agriculture policy to help end poverty and unemployment. Peasants got land from farms and paid rent, anything else they produced could kept for profit.
South and Southeast Asia- Political
South Korea has strong educational institutions and all most every house hold has high speed internet and cellphones. South Korea's television and movies have received a lot of popularity throughout Asia.
North Korea's economy is struggling which forced it to devalue it's currency. On the other hand South Korea's economy while having faced some problems, is still thriving.
North and south Korea are struggling to keep the peace between the 2 countries, mainly due to North Korea's nuclear weapons program. In 2008 though North Korea suspended it's nuclear weapons program.