Mexican Independence Movement (Main Actors (3rd Stage (Vicente Guerrero…
Mexican Independence Movement
The huge gap in wealth distribution between rich and por.
The internal administration of the New Spain proposed by the Bourbon reforms.
Indigenous were immensely exploited and had basically no rights.
French and American Revolution.
Enlightenment ideas (Sentimientos de la Nación and Cadiz Constitution).
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1st Stage)
Allende (1st Stage)
Aldama (1st Stage)
José María Morelos y Pavón (2nd Stage)
Ignacio López Rayón ("National Board", 2nd Stage)
Iturbide (4th Stage, Iguala Plan)
Vicente Guerrero (4th Stage, Iguala Plan)
Cadiz Constitution (signed in Spain between the 1st and 2nd stage. It was liberalism and it wanted equality and end with the inquisition because it was against the right of life.
Sentimientos de la Nación (written by Morelos and based in the Enlightenment ideas like equality, slavery abolition and sovereignty from the people).
Apatzingan Constitution ( 2nd stage, it used ideas from the Cadiz Constitution, the Declaration of Rights and the United States Independence, it was liberal because it proposed a Republican Goverment).
Iguala Plan (signed by Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero to end with the conflict).
1st stage: Hidalgo issued the "Grito de Dolores", call for independence and end of the Spanish rule.
2nd stage: Morelos began with military campaigns.
3th stage: War of the guerrillas and main occupation in Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca, Michoacán.
4t stage: Agustin de Iturbide formed an alliance whit Vicente Guerrero to end with the conflict and they signed the Iguala Plan.
Outcome of the movement
Thousand of cattle were consumed during the war
Agricultural activities were in complete abandonment
Dominant class: clergy, landowners, miners, and wealthy producers
Oppressed clases: slaves, mestizos, indigenous people, peasants.
Mexico ended in a Constitutional Monarchy