End of the Cold War Effects (Eastern Europe (Economic: There are food…
End of the Cold War Effects
There are food shortages caused rationing in Romania. This shows that the economy at this point in time is weak from poverty.
In Poland, Lech Welesa got arrested for threatening that Poland will break from the Soviet Union. Shortly after, he was freed and elected as president.
In Poland they embrace free market reforms and modernization after Lech Walesa was elected president.
Much of the Middle East has political instability, ethnic tension, high unemployment, growing poverty rates, poor education, and limited civil liberties since the cold war.
In 2011 women in Saudi Arabia were allowed to vote for the first time. Therefore, the elections changed due to the new amount of people that were voting.
Iran enforced strict adherence to Islamic law. Because of this basic rights were limited.
Ronald Reagan's spending policies produced record high government budget deficits. Since then, presidents have struggled to right the economy and deal with wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Democrats and Republicans have different viewpoints in the United States. Because of this there
are a split in beliefs.
The status of the French-speaking Quebec province has been an issue for decades. In 1959, Quebec voters only narrowly rejected secession. This debate still divides Canadians.
Haiti dealt with effects of the earthquake and continued having poverty, while the Dominican Republic is in a better position, relying on tourism and remittances for Dominican aboard. Today, Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Since 1990, many South American countries have transitioned to democracies and reformed their social and economic structures.
Cuba and the United States began to repair their relationship, which became strained during the cold war and Cuba’s presidency of Fidel Castro.
Organizations similar to the EU have formed to work toward political and economic integration throughout Africa.
While some African nations show signs of progress toward political stability, most are still racked with problems.
Religion has lead to violence in parts of Africa. Also poverty and AIDS are a widespread concern throughout Africa.
Japan's economy slipped into recession and they faced slow economic growth and deflation. A tsunami further weekend Japan. Job security declined because a lot of people working were laid off.The collapse of the Japanese real estate sent the economy into tailspin.
In North Korea they stayed isolated and under military dictatorship. In South Korea they experienced a growing democracy. There is lots of tension between both of these countries. North Korea started a nuclear program which is what caused the tension between them and South Korea.
China adopted a one-child policy to control population growth. If you followed this policy you would get incentives such as education benefits, child care, and housing. They stopped this because there wasn't enough people in the workforce. The population has had a rapid growth and this meant poor working conditions and low salaries, leading to labor unrest.
The formation the EU (European Union) established a common currency.
Conservative parties in France gained 80 percent of the seats in the national assembly.
Germany reunified in 1990. This was symbolized by the tearing down of the Berlin Wall.
South and South East Asia
The economic reforms fostered foreign investments and moved India to a market-based economy. Agriculture is still occupied by Indians but the service and industrial sectors count for most of India's GDP.
New parties such as the military Hindu Bharata Janata Party (BJP) have opposed and competed with the previously powerful Congress Party of India and caused a decline in its hold on the area. This later led to BJP ruling from 1994-2004 but was then once again returned back to Congress Party who have made many reforms to rural areas.
Conflict has risen and still remains over the Kashmir area which is the area between the two conflicting countries, India and Pakistan. This conflict is caused by opposing Hindu and Muslim groups and because of their religious differences. Tensions have increased over time but after the brink of war in 2003, the countries both agreed to ceasefire and restore diplomatic relations.