End of the Cold War Changes (Eastern Europe (Political Changes: Boris…
End of the Cold War Changes
Political Changes: Boris Yeltsin became the new president of Russia in 1991. Valdimir Putin was elected in 2000 and is currently still in office.
Economic Changes: Boris Yeltsin introduced a free market economy. Even after this was introduced to Russia, the country continued to have economic difficulties. Valdimir Putins reforms brought a budget surplus and a growing economy in Russia.
Social Changes: The U.S. and NATO worked together to try to end the wars in Yugoslavia. They also worked to try and stop the attempts in ethnic cleansing of the Bosnians and Albanias.
Social Changes: American pop culture spread throughout the world. This concerned many countries due to the preservation of their own language and cultures. There was also a backlash against women's movement in 1990.
Political Changes: As the cold war was coming to a end, U.S. politics oscillated between left and right. Regan's vice president, George Bush, succeeded Regan as president. Bush could not deal with a federal deficit and economic downturns. This lead to Bill Clinton to become president in 1992.
Economic Changes: Regan's spending policies produced record government budget deficits. Presidents since have struggled with trying to right the economy and deal with war in Iraq and Afganistan. Canada has also struggled with economic problems and also the status of Quebec.
Social Changes: Germany reunified in 1990. This was symbolized by tearing down the Berlin Wall. American culture spread throughout the world and is raising concerns about the preservation of their own culture and language.
Economic Changes: The EU formed in 1993. Also, in 2010, this economic union established a common form of European currency, the Euro.
Political Changes: After Margret Thatcher resigned as prime minister in 1990, the Conservative Party failed to capture the attention of most Britons. In the new election in 1997, the Labour Party won in a landslide. Moderate Tony Blair became the prime minister and his support of the U.S. during the war in Iraq caused his popularity to plummit.
Political Changes: The Institutional Revolutionary Party, or the PRI, controlled Mexican Politics for 70 years until its popularity declined in the 1990s.
Economic Changes: Many South American countries have pushed for reforms and economic growth. Increased public education and economic growth has lessend the gap between the rich and poor.
Social Changes: Mexico has struggled with poverty, unemployment, and violent drug trade. Mexican drug cartels take anywhere between $19 and $29 billion dollars from U.S. drug trade.
South/ Southeast Asia
Political Changes: In the 1990s, the Congress Party remained the leading party in India. Soon, the Congress Party would have its popularity decline. Other parties would compete with the Congress Party for control over the central and state governments.
Economic Changes: Indias economy has become one of the largest and fastest growing economies in the world. Economic reforms in 1991 forced foreign investments and began to push India toward a market-based economy.
Social Changes: Conflict between the Hindus and Muslims continue and religious differences have fueled a long-term dispute between Pakistan and India. The danger escalated when both countries, in 1998, tested nuclear warheads.
Political Changes: Iran limited the rights of women, the right to free press, and the right to free assembly. Following the re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, hundreds of thousands of Iranians protested the re-election and declared the election a fraud.
Economic Changes: Many countries in this region experience poverty, unemployment, and poor education. Due to the high unemployment rate and poverty, the economy in these countries are not in great shape.
Social Changes: The PLO has tried to settle the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians. This failed due to the continued terrorist attacks. Also, there was land disputes, especially over Jerulsalem
Political Changes: While some African nation show signs of political stability, most nations are still struggling and have problems. Organizations similar to the European Union have formed to work toward political and economic interrogation in Africa.
Social Changes: Poverty and AIDS are problems throughout Africa. More than two-thirds or 22.9 million africans are infected with HIV. Religion has led to violence in parts of Africa. Rapid population growth has led to slow economic growth.
Economic Changes: Poverty was a issue in Africa after the cold war. This was because they experienced a poor economy because they depended on other countries and after the cold war, some countries did not help them anymore.
Social Changes: China established the one-child policy. This was an attempt to control the population growth. This limits one family to having only one child.
Political Changes: Political tension between North Korea and South Korea continue, primarily due to the nuclear program in North Korea.
Economic Changes: Japan's economy slipped into a recession in the 1990s. This then led to them facing slow economic growth and deflation.