End of the Cold War Changes (Eastern Europe (Changes (Economic:…
End of the Cold War Changes
Economic: Romania's leader Nicolae Ceaușescu created economic policies which caused a sharp drop in living standards. With the food shortages, rationing occurred in Romania.
Social: In 1968 the Soviet Union crushed the attempted Czechoslovakian reform. As a result, writers and intellectuals tried to continue the reform and as a result mass demonstrations took place in Czechoslovakia.
Political: In 1988 the Polish regime allowed free elections to take place. Democracy then was created in Poland and Lech Walesa was elected the first president of Poland. Ended the 45 year communist rule in Poland.
South and Southeast Asia
Social: Disputes between religious differences in India and Pakistan have fueled nuclear conflict between the two countries. Most of this conflict has been occurring over the territory of Kashmir.
Economical: India in 1991, had a market reform which made India a free market economy. India is belived to be the third biggest economy in the world by 2035.
Political: In the 1990's many South Asian countries changed their governments to a democracy, but still some counties like Indonesia were stuck in a dictatorship due to political unrest.
Economic: With the creation of the EU, Europe has established a common currency called the Euro. Although, public debts in Ireland and Greece has spelled disaster for the Euro.
Social: In 1995 in France, there has been growing resentment against muslim born citizens. This is mostly due to the fear of terrorism in France.
Political: Since West Germany had a more conservative government, and East Germany was failing with its communist regime, the two countries were reunified.
Economic: In the 1970's the U.S had a Budget Deficit $420 billion. In 1981 the Budget Deficit rose to $631 billion and finally in1987, it rose to over $1 trillion.
Social: In Canada the number of French speaking Quebecs has been a issue for many years. In 1995, Quebec has only narrowly rejected secession.
Political: The Reagan revolution sent the U.S policy in new directions. He reduced welfare policies by cutting spending on foods stamps, school lunch programs , and job programs. Reagan also oversaw the largest peacetime military build up in the history of the U.S
Economic: Japan’s economy slipped into a recession in the 1990’s facing slow economic growth and deflation. China also has become an economic super power following the Cold War.
Social: China has created a one child policy in 1976 to limit population growth. Rapid growth in China has meant poor working conditions and low salaries, leading to labor unrest.
Political: Political tension between North Korea and South Korea continue, primarily due to North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. Also the new Chinese government after Mao sought to modernize China's industry, agriculture, technology, and national defense.
Economic: Iran, a country rich in oil has started mining the oil and has profited greatly from this. One of the richest countries in resources to this day and has made a huge profit off of these resources through trade.
Social: In Tunisia and Egypt, 80% of is people are under the age of 25. Most of these people are also are unemployed. This is a result of the cold war and has caused a low work rate in the middle east.
Political: An attempted Peace agreement known as the PLO has failed due to terrorism. Peace is trying be resolved between Middle eastern countries. Also Middle East was rocked by countless uprisings. One such of these was in Libya where citizens killed their former regime known as Muammar al- Quidaffi. Started holding fair elections.
Social: AIDS, and HIV have been a huge pandemic in Africa after the cold war. More than 2/3 of (22.9 Million) of people infected with HIV live in Africa south of the Sahara. Also 1.2 million Africans died of Aids in 2010.
Economic: Africans created the Organization of African Unity to Establish the African Economic Unity. Also created the African Union which promotes democracy and also economic growth.
Political: Africans have introduced the Idea of western democracy to their government. Also many Women leaders have came into power after the cold war. These women ended a four year rule of the Socialist Party.
Political: High poverty, Illiteracy and high unemployment have led to violent drug wars in Mexico. Mexican President who was elected in 2006 killed many citizens to stop these drug wars.
Economical: In Latin America many middle class citizens struggle because of the huge gap between rich and poor. Latin America is failing economically because of this gap.
Social: Capitalism has never worked in Central America due to the lack of public education which lead to poor leadership and also left some of Central America in disorganization. Also led to dictatorship in some of Central America's countries.