Food Labeling (Intro (Method of production (Chemicals, Genetic makeup),…
Several different variations of the same food on the grocery shelf.
Carbohydrates, Protein, Fat
Method of production
Gluten, diary, nut-free
Vegan,Atkins, weight Watchers
Livestock, poultry cultivation
What do these labels really mean
Will focus on method of production
Are they worth paying extra for?
Certified organic foods must be produced without GMO.
Grown with practices that “foster [the] cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity,”
Products can only use an approved list on without the use of prohibited substances.
List of prohibited substances not used on land for at least 3 years prior
5% percent of total food sales in the U.S.
Increase of 8.4 percent over 2016
Made with organic ingredients: 70% of ingredients must be organic and listed in ingredient list.
Only government regulated organic foods have a USDA organic seal. [Print a seal or put on an overhead]
Products are not certified organic by FDA, but by third party certification agency
Example: Quality Assurance international. California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF)
Found below signature line, usually under nutritional facts
GMO: Genetically Modified Oragnism
Laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal.
Example crops and statistics
In U.S.: Corn, Soybean, Cotton, Canola, Sugarbeet, Alfalfa, Papaya, Squash
2014: 94% of soybeans, 96% of cotton, 93% of corn were genetically modified varieties.
2003: 70–75% of all processed foods in the U.S. contained a GM ingredient.
Non-GMO Project certification
Product made without genetically engineered ingredients.
It does NOT imply any other attributes of that product, such as what chemicals may have been applied to it during production.
Unknown effect on epigenetics, change in gene expression
Change in biodiversity through unintended cross-polination or cross breading
Increased pesticide and insecticide use
Resistant weeds and insects
Accepted meaning: Nothing artificial or synthetic has been included in, or has been added to, a food that would not normally be expected to be in that food.
Does not consider pesticides or production methods (gmo seed,etc.)
Save some money buying natural
Consumer Reports survey found that over half of the adults surveyed sought out natural products.
Nothing can be assumed about the gmo and pesticides or practices used to produce the food.
Processed foods contain 75-80% contain GMO ingredients, usually corn and soy derived
Strategies to buy the most natural food and save money
Buy all organic. Expensive.
Stategy I use to save money
Avoid of buy labeled version
Common GMO Produce
Corn, Soybean, Cotton, Canola, Sugarbeet, Alfalfa, Papaya, Squash
High Pesticide produce
Strawberries, spinach, nectarines, apples, peaches, celery, grapes, pears, cherries, tomatoes, sweet bell peppers and potatoes