Later Stages of the Cold War (Détente (SALT I (Pro's (Both countries…
Later Stages of the Cold War
Means to 'Attempt to reduce tension'
One of the key events during 'Détente'
However there was no way to enforce this and was just a symbolic effort by both sides to look safer
Each side had to check on each other via satellite
There was no way to enforce SALT 1
The 'decrease' in arms didn't limit numbers of nuclear bombers or latest weapon development
Both countries agreed to 'make every effort to avoid risk'
Symbol of co-operation between both superpowers
Agreements were made for further talks to address the problems of SALT 1
Threat of nuclear war didn't seem as imminent
What were the reasons for this period?
USA was fighting in Vietnam, very costly, & also wanted to address social issues at the time after uprisings in 1968
USSR had poor living standards for their citizens & the economy wasn't developing
Nuclear weapons were extremely expensive
Each side wanted to invest more time and money into their own countries instead
After the oil crisis both country's economies were worse and they needed to start gowning them again
However, Détente didn't actually work because on the surface tensions reduced but in reality they stayed the same; it was more of a propaganda to make them both look good
1975- Soviet and American astronauts join spacecrafts in space- shows symbol of unity and co-operation
1974- Nixon visits Moscow
Signed in 1979
Included the banning of new missile base construction and new missile development (improvement from SALT I)
However the US senate never agreed to the treaty and were worried about Russian soldiers on Cuba and the fact that they couldn't check on the Soviet Union's claims about their missiles caused mistrust between the two superpowers to grow
This period of 'peace' ended by 1979 and the Cold War was back on, with NATO missiles stationed in Europe and the USSR invading Afghanistan
Afghanistan Invasion 1979