Module Concept Map for First Exam (Chapter 2: Crime & Causation (Due…
Module Concept Map for First Exam
Chapter 1:The Criminal Justice System
The three Components of the criminal justice system
Defense of the accused
Crime prevention, "peace keeping", apprehension of law violators
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Most of corrections are at state level
Chapter 2: Crime & Causation
Due Process VS Crime Control
Prosecution is to prove guilt
Protection of liberty individual rights adversarial innocent until proven guilty.
Resolve/prevent criminal activity
Crime repression: Emphasis on ability of law enforcement officer (LEO)/courts to find and punish criminals, assembly line justice
A difference between groups that can be explained either by legitimate factors, or by discrimination
differential treatment of individuals/groups based on race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or economic status instead of the behavior/qualifications.
Types of Crime
"Street Crime" or "Ordinary crime". I.E. Shoplifting or homicide
acts against people in which are death or physical injury
Acts that threaten property held by individuals or by the state
Acts that threaten the general well-being of society and challenge accepted moral principles.
Committed in the context of a legal business or profession
The framework within which such acts are committed.
Profit seeking criminal activities that involve planning or execution across national boarders.
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The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)
An annually published statistical summary of crimes reported to the police, based on voluntary reports to the FBI by local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies.
The National Crime Victimization Surveys (NCVS):
Interviews of samples of the US population conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to determine the number and types of criminal victimization and thus the extent of unreported as well as reported crime.
Chapter 3: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law
Justification Defenses, which focus on whether the individual's action was socially acceptable under the circumstances despite causing a harm
Comprehensive Crime Control Act:
1984. Changed the federal rules on the insanity defense by limiting it to those who are unable (handicapped in anyway) to understand the nature of wrongfllness of their acts.
Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment:
First 10 amendments added to the US Constitution to prove specific rights for individuals, including criminal justice rights concerning searches, trials, and punishments.
The Fifth Amendment: Protection against Self-Incrimination and Double Jeopardy:
Protects against double jeopardy.