Who were the Gladiators?
they were normally slaves, prisoners of war and criminals although not always
animals fought against them sometimes
gladiators would fight until one person was not quite dead then the audience would decide wether they would live or die
Did Gladiators actually fight to the death?
No they actually didn't always fight to the death
sometimes wealthily people would pay gladiator owners to have the men fight to the death then they would pay money to the lost for their gladiator
if a gladiator surrendered he would drop his shield and weapon and lift a finger, then it would be the decision of the winning owner to wether he died or not, the thought was it was good to kill cause you then might meet them again in the area.
Although, if the emperor was present then it would be their choice as to wether they died or not. The audience would try and sway him by either flying cloths and racing there thumbs also chanting Mitte! which means "let him go" or putting their thumbs downward to say "excicture him" (Iugula!)
when gladiators had past their useful time or had won enough fights to be able to be realised they would be given a wooden Soward called "The Rudis"
there were places to fight all across the empire
when a gladiator was killed after the flight the blood would be taken and bottled to be sold after the fight in belief that it would cure diseases
Who were the great emperors and how did they change Rome?
one of most respected
he had problems with the Parthian army and also had problems with the german army later- he came into worse problems when his co leader died and he was left to defeat the germans alone
founder of roman principate
“I found Rome of clay; I leave it to you of marble,” - his reported last words
went and invaded Egypt - took cleopatras treasure
he tried to bring Rome semi back to the traditional roman republic
he tried to win the people over and wanted to improve make Rome into a beautiful city
almost doubled the roman empire
- really helpful
turned into a tyrant
went a bit mental
was a military man
he had problems with Augustus promising money to the romans that were posted in Pannonia and Germania because of his adopted son
went into his rule wanting to serve the state but as his rule persisted that stoped and he wasn't really interested in it anymore
how did they use to win all their battles?
every situation the romans faced they changed their stratigie based on the terrain
spererating their enemy from there food and water therefore making them weak and not able to fight with some of their enemy dying of starvation
attack the food place- therefore getting more for themselves as well ------ intercepting food ------siege strategy
picking where they place everything properly - sun on their back - high terrain
what was their effect on modern society?
in american politics the founding fathers took their idea of the senate from the roman senate
The use of the word veto to overthrow an idea or oppose to it
they were the creators of "civil law" which is when lawyers argue over the actual rues instead of past cases
alphabet - had all the same looking letters except u and j
also had created a sewage system
theatres -- amphitheatre
christianity -huge helper of it spreading- wouldn't be as big as it is today without them was more eastern christen society