PRINT CULTURE COMES TO INDIA (MID -16TH CENTURY: PRINTING CULTURE CAME TO…
PRINT CULTURE COMES TO INDIA
MID -16TH CENTURY: PRINTING CULTURE CAME TO INDIA ?
The first printing press came to Goa with the Portuguese missionaries in the mid 16th century.
Jesuit priests came to India with invasion of Portuguese in India
They learned Konkani and Kanara languages. They then started printing books.
Through this had spreaded their ideology across India
Thus a proper religious group was formed in India
In 1710; Dutch protestants had printed 32 Tamil books.
Catholic priests printed the first Tamil Book in 1579 in Cochin
In 1713; the first Malayalam book was printed.
CONTRIBUTION OF JAMES AUGUSTUS HICKEY
A weekly magazine edited by Hickey
It described itself as commercial paper open to all but influenced to none. It was private English enterprise in India.
It was brought by Gangadhar Bhattacharya in 1780. Gangadhar Bhattacharya was a close friend to Raja Rammohan Roy.
He had published a lot of ads related to import and sale of slaves
He also published a lot of gossips about the Company's senior officials.
This had made Governor Warren Hastings very angry thus Hickey was persecuted.
Hastings had offered Hickey to write in the officially sanctioned newspaper that could counter the flow of information that damaged the image of the colonial govt.
LATE 17TH CENTURY: EAST INDIA COMPANY
It had began to import many presses in India.
18TH CENTURY: No. of journals and magazines started to publish