Equality and workplace diversity (social dilemmas of workplace diversity ,…
Equality and workplace diversity
What is diversity?
Differences among indivduals
E.g. differences in age, race, ethnicity, gender, physical characteristics, mental and physical ability, religious beliefs, education, family status, etc.
Social Identity Theory
individuals validate social identity by favour 'in-groups' at expense of 'out-groups'
perceive it is easier to communicate from members of their 'in-groups'
more trustworthy; likely to reciprocate favours
social dilemmas of workplace diversity
individuals seek managers similar to themselves
those who do not ‘fit in’ often leave resulting in a homogenous workforce
managers are likely to recruit people similar to themselves
can result in power clashes
incorrect beliefs about the homogenous work place links to employee turnover
depends on how well the other 2 are addressed
belief that organisations bare the cost of diversity initiatives where society reaps the benefits focusing on short term costs not long term benefits
Creates barriers for selecting highly talented candidates due to ill informed and short sighted views
success depends on workers being accepting of diversity
subgroups should not be based on social categories as this halts communication
subgroups may lead to further informal sub groups resulting in competition
The glass ceiling
A phenomenon that limits the advancement of women and other minority groups to senior managerial positions in organisations
Overcoming the glass ceiling
Changing societal norms around the role of women and eradicating gender bias